The Paris Club is a group of officials from major creditor countries whose role is to find coordinated and sustainable solutions to the payment difficulties experienced by debtor countries. As debtor countries undertake reforms to stabilize and restore their macroeconomic and financial situation, Paris Club creditors provide an appropriate debt treatment. Paris Club creditors provide debt treatments to debtor countries in the form of rescheduling, which is debt relief by postponement or, in the case of concessional rescheduling, reduction in debt service obligations during a defined period or as of a set date.
What is ‘Paris Club’
An informal group of creditor nations whose objective is to find workable solutions to payment problems faced by debtor nations. The Paris Club has 19 permanent members, including most of the western European and Scandinavian nations, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and Japan. The Paris Club stresses the informal nature of its existence and deems itself a “non-institution.” As an informal group, it has no official statutes and no formal inception date, although its first meeting with a debtor nation was in 1956, with Argentina.
Explaining ‘Paris Club’
The members of the Paris Club meet each month in the French capital, except for the months of February and August. These monthly meetings may also include negotiations with one or more debtor countries that have met the Club’s pre-conditions for debt negotiation. The main conditions a debtor nation has to meet are that it should have a demonstrated need for debt relief and should be committed to implementing economic reform, which in effect means that it must already have a current program with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) supported by a conditional arrangement.
- Determinants of developing country debt: the revolving door of debt rescheduling through the Paris Club and export credits – www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
- The macroeconomic effects of official debt restructuring: evidence from the Paris Club – academic.oup.com [PDF]
- The Paris Club, 1978-1983 – heinonline.org [PDF]
- The IMF and Paris club debt rescheduling: a conflicting role? – onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
- The Paris Club and African Debt – onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
- Do debt crises boost financial reforms? – www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
- How Sustainable is the Federal Government of Nigeria Debt after the exit from Paris Club? – www.ajol.info [PDF]