BROWSE

Hard-To-Borrow List

What is a Hard-To-Borrow List

A hard to borrow list is inventory utilized by brokerages to identify securities that are not available for borrowing for transactions that are short-sale. The hard-to-borrow list of a brokerage firm gives an up-to-date list of securities which one cannot short. The security may be on the hard-to-borrow list because it is in short supply or because of its volatility. In order to enter a short sale, a brokerage client must first borrow the shares from the broker. To provide the shares, the broker can use its own inventory or borrow from the margin account of another client or from another brokerage firm.

Explaining 'Hard-To-Borrow List'

Investors who enter short sale transactions attempt to capture profits in a declining market. For example, an investor may think that stock ABC will drop in price in the future. The investor can short stock ABC and, if the price drops as he or she anticipated, buy to cover for a profit. If the stock rises, however, the investor will lose money. The hard-to-borrow list is updated on a daily basis. In order to enter a short transaction, the broker must be able to provide, or locate, the shares to loan to the brokerage client making the short sale. Regulation SHO, implemented on Jan. 3, 2005, has a "ocate"condition that requires broker to have a reasonable belief that the equity to be shorted can be borrowed and delivered to a short seller. The regulation is intended to prevent naked short selling practices. While a brokerage firm's hard-to-borrow list is typically an internal list (and one that is not available to clients), the firm' clients generally have access to the easy-to-borrow list. Brokerage clients may have to pay hard-to-borrow fees on certain short sales. The hard-to-borrow list is the opposite of the easy-to-borrow list which is an inventory of securities that are available for short sale transactions. In general, an investor can assume that a security that is not included on the hard-to-borrow list will be available for the purposes of short selling.

Further Reading


Failure is an option: Impediments to short selling and options prices academic.oup.com [PDF] … short sell or whose stock is sold short.1 The interest is both in the economics of clearing … Specialness is zero for most stocks, and it is positive for specials, or hard-to-borrow stocks … index, and we have limited our other databases to the Russell 3000 using constitution lists from the …
Connecting two markets: An equilibrium framework for shorts, longs, and stock loansConnecting two markets: An equilibrium framework for shorts, longs, and stock loans www.sciencedirect.com [PDF] … short sell or whose stock is sold short.1 The interest is both in the economics of clearing … Specialness is zero for most stocks, and it is positive for specials, or hard-to-borrow stocks … index, and we have limited our other databases to the Russell 3000 using constitution lists from the …
Stocks are special too: An analysis of the equity lending marketStocks are special too: An analysis of the equity lending market www.sciencedirect.com [PDF] … short sell or whose stock is sold short.1 The interest is both in the economics of clearing … Specialness is zero for most stocks, and it is positive for specials, or hard-to-borrow stocks … index, and we have limited our other databases to the Russell 3000 using constitution lists from the …
Anomalies: The law of one price in financial marketsAnomalies: The law of one price in financial markets www.aeaweb.org [PDF] … short sell or whose stock is sold short.1 The interest is both in the economics of clearing … Specialness is zero for most stocks, and it is positive for specials, or hard-to-borrow stocks … index, and we have limited our other databases to the Russell 3000 using constitution lists from the …
Transcending the impact of the financial crisis in the United Kingdom: towards plan F—a feminist economic strategyTranscending the impact of the financial crisis in the United Kingdom: towards plan F—a feminist economic strategy journals.sagepub.com [PDF] … short sell or whose stock is sold short.1 The interest is both in the economics of clearing … Specialness is zero for most stocks, and it is positive for specials, or hard-to-borrow stocks … index, and we have limited our other databases to the Russell 3000 using constitution lists from the …
Naked short selling and market returnsNaked short selling and market returns jpm.pm-research.com [PDF] … short sell or whose stock is sold short.1 The interest is both in the economics of clearing … Specialness is zero for most stocks, and it is positive for specials, or hard-to-borrow stocks … index, and we have limited our other databases to the Russell 3000 using constitution lists from the …
The big, bad wolf and the rational market: portfolio insurance, the 1987 crash and the performativity of economicsThe big, bad wolf and the rational market: portfolio insurance, the 1987 crash and the performativity of economics www.tandfonline.com [PDF] … short sell or whose stock is sold short.1 The interest is both in the economics of clearing … Specialness is zero for most stocks, and it is positive for specials, or hard-to-borrow stocks … index, and we have limited our other databases to the Russell 3000 using constitution lists from the …
Stochastic Pricing Dynamics of Hard-to-Borrow StocksStochastic Pricing Dynamics of Hard-to-Borrow Stocks papers.ssrn.com [PDF] … short sell or whose stock is sold short.1 The interest is both in the economics of clearing … Specialness is zero for most stocks, and it is positive for specials, or hard-to-borrow stocks … index, and we have limited our other databases to the Russell 3000 using constitution lists from the …


FAQ


What are hard to borrow stocks?

A hard to borrow list refers to a list of securities that a brokerage cannot offer up for short-sales.

What makes a stock easy to borrow?

A stock is easy to borrow when it is immediately available to short. These stocks are referred to as ETB.

What is a hard to borrow rate?

The HTB Rate changes daily and is a reflection of the difficulty to locate shares in a stock that a brokerage can offer for short.

Why can't i short certain stocks?

If stocks are not available to be located by a brokerage for shorting, you cannot short that stock. This is kept in the HTB (Hard to Borrow) list.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *