Realized Yield

What is a ‘Realized Yield’

Realized yield is the actual return earned during the holding period for an investment, and may include dividends, interest payments and other cash distributions. The term may be applied to a bond sold prior to its maturity date or a dividend-paying security. Generally speaking, the realized yield on bonds includes the coupon payments received during the holding period, plus or minus the change in the value of the original investment, calculated on an annual basis. Next Up Bond Yield Yield Term To Maturity Running Yield

Explaining ‘Realized Yield’

The realized yield on investments with maturity dates is likely to differ from the stated yield to maturity under most circumstances. One exception occurs when a bond is purchased and sold at face value, which is also the redemption price of the bond at maturity. For example, a bond with a coupon of 5% that is purchased and sold at face value delivers a realized yield of 5% for the holding period. The same bond redeemed at face value when it matures delivers a yield to maturity of 5%. In all other circumstances, realized yields are calculated based on payments received and the change in value of principal relative to the amount invested.

Realized Yields With Bonds

Realized yield is the total return when a bond is sold prior to maturity. For example, a bond maturing in three years with a 3% coupon purchased at face value of $1,000 has a yield to maturity of 3%. If the bond is sold exactly one year after purchase at $960, the loss of principal is 4%. The coupon payment of 3% brings the realized yield to negative 1%. If the same bond is sold one year later at $1,020 for a 2% gain in principal, the realized yield is increased to 5% due to the 3% coupon payment.

Early CD Withdrawal

Certificate of deposit investors who cash out prior to the maturity date are often charged a penalty. On a two-year CD, the typical penalty for early withdrawal is six months of interest. For example, say an investor who cashes out a two-year CD paying 1% after one year accrues $1,000 of interest. The penalty of six months equates to $500. After paying the penalty, the investor nets $500 over one year for a realized yield of 0.5%.

Fixed-Income Funds

The calculation for realized yield also applies to exchange-traded funds (ETF) and other investment vehicles without maturity dates. For example, an investor who holds an ETF paying 4% interest for exactly two years and sells for a 2% gain has earned 4% per year. The gain in principal is amortized over the two-year holding period for a 1% gain per year, bringing the realized yield to 5% per year.

Realized Yield FAQ

How do you calculate realized yield?

The realized compound yield is calculated by computing the compound rate of growth of invested funds, assuming that all coupon payments are reinvested. What's the difference between bond's promised yield and its realized yield? Security's guaranteed yield suggests that coupon installments are reinvested at the guaranteed yield (i.e., YTM) and the security is sold or reclaimed at its expected worth. The realized yield is the actual, after-the-fact return the investor gets. Security's calculated yield is the guaranteed yield.

What is the difference between ROI and yield?

Return is the financial benefit or misfortune on a venture and it is normally communicated as the adjustment in dollar value of an investment over the long run. Yield is the income returned on investment, for example, the interest gotten from holding the security.

What is realized compound yield?

The realized compound yield is characterized as the return that bondholders get in the event that they reinvest all coupons at some given reinvestment rates.

What is realized yield?

Realized yield is the actual return acquired during the holding time frame for an investment. It is usually made up of profits, interest payments, and other money dispersions. The expression 'realized yield' can be applied to security sold before its development date or profit paying security.

What is yield to maturity mean?

Yield to maturity (YTM) is the total return anticipated on a bond if the bond is held until it matures. In other words, it is the internal rate of return (IRR) of an investment in a bond if the investor holds the bond until maturity, with all payments made as scheduled and reinvested at the same rate.

Further Reading