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Oil Pollution Act Of 1990

Definition

The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 was passed by the 101st United States Congress and signed by President George H. W. Bush. It works to avoid oil spills from vessels and facilities by enforcing removal of spilled oil and assigning liability for the cost of cleanup and damage, requires specific operating procedures; defines responsible parties and financial liability; implements processes for measuring damages; specifies damages for which violators are liable; and establishes a fund for damages, cleanup, and removal costs. This statute has resulted in instrumental changes in the oil production, transportation, and distribution industries.

What is 'Oil Pollution Act Of 1990'

A law that caps civil liability for oil spills caused by tankers and drilling vessels in the United States' territorial waters. The passage of the law was prompted by the Exxon Valdez oil spill in 1989, where Exxon was held liable for billions in civil damages. The bill enjoyed popular support at its passage.

Explaining 'Oil Pollution Act Of 1990'

The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 caps BP's civil liability for the Deepwater Horizon spill at $75 million. The law forces companies to have a "place to prevent spills that may occur". The House passed the bill with a vote of 375-5, and it was passed in the Senate by a voice vote.


Further Reading


Crisis in the oil industry: Certificates of Financial Responsibility and the Oil Pollution Act of 1990
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… Google Scholar. 74 Russ BanhamP&I Clubs resist rules under Oil Pollution Act. Journal of Commerce (4 … October 1992), p. 30. Transportation. Google Scholar. 77 Decline listed for spills off the … at #10. 97 The International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1969 …

Financial responsibility rules under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990Financial responsibility rules under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990
heinonline.org [PDF]
… Google Scholar. 74 Russ BanhamP&I Clubs resist rules under Oil Pollution Act. Journal of Commerce (4 … October 1992), p. 30. Transportation. Google Scholar. 77 Decline listed for spills off the … at #10. 97 The International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1969 …

Liability, Compensation, and Financial Responsibility Under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990: A Review of the Second DecadeLiability, Compensation, and Financial Responsibility Under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990: A Review of the Second Decade
heinonline.org [PDF]
… Google Scholar. 74 Russ BanhamP&I Clubs resist rules under Oil Pollution Act. Journal of Commerce (4 … October 1992), p. 30. Transportation. Google Scholar. 77 Decline listed for spills off the … at #10. 97 The International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1969 …

Protection of marine resources: the US Oil Pollution Act of 1990 and the future of the maritime industryProtection of marine resources: the US Oil Pollution Act of 1990 and the future of the maritime industry
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… Google Scholar. 74 Russ BanhamP&I Clubs resist rules under Oil Pollution Act. Journal of Commerce (4 … October 1992), p. 30. Transportation. Google Scholar. 77 Decline listed for spills off the … at #10. 97 The International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1969 …

The Oil Pollution Act of 1990: Key Provisions and ImplicationsThe Oil Pollution Act of 1990: Key Provisions and Implications
www.ioscproceedings.org [PDF]
… Google Scholar. 74 Russ BanhamP&I Clubs resist rules under Oil Pollution Act. Journal of Commerce (4 … October 1992), p. 30. Transportation. Google Scholar. 77 Decline listed for spills off the … at #10. 97 The International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1969 …

Maritime oil pollution: an empirical analysisMaritime oil pollution: an empirical analysis
link.springer.com [PDF]
… Google Scholar. 74 Russ BanhamP&I Clubs resist rules under Oil Pollution Act. Journal of Commerce (4 … October 1992), p. 30. Transportation. Google Scholar. 77 Decline listed for spills off the … at #10. 97 The International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1969 …

Financial caps for oil pollution damage: a historical mistake?Financial caps for oil pollution damage: a historical mistake?
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… Google Scholar. 74 Russ BanhamP&I Clubs resist rules under Oil Pollution Act. Journal of Commerce (4 … October 1992), p. 30. Transportation. Google Scholar. 77 Decline listed for spills off the … at #10. 97 The International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1969 …

Compensation for Oil Pollution Damages: the American Oil Pollution Act as an Example for Global Solutions?Compensation for Oil Pollution Damages: the American Oil Pollution Act as an Example for Global Solutions?
books.google.com [PDF]
… Google Scholar. 74 Russ BanhamP&I Clubs resist rules under Oil Pollution Act. Journal of Commerce (4 … October 1992), p. 30. Transportation. Google Scholar. 77 Decline listed for spills off the … at #10. 97 The International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1969 …

Global compensation for oil pollution damages: The innovations of the American Oil Pollution ActGlobal compensation for oil pollution damages: The innovations of the American Oil Pollution Act
ageconsearch.umn.edu [PDF]
… Google Scholar. 74 Russ BanhamP&I Clubs resist rules under Oil Pollution Act. Journal of Commerce (4 … October 1992), p. 30. Transportation. Google Scholar. 77 Decline listed for spills off the … at #10. 97 The International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1969 …



Q&A About Oil Pollution Act Of 1990


What did Congress pass with a vote of 375-5?

The Oil Pollution Act of 199.

What is the Oil Pollution Act of 199?

The Oil Pollution Act of 199 (OPA) was passed by the 11st United States Congress and signed by President George H. W. Bush.

Who was held liable for billions in civil damages after the Exxon Valdez oil spill?

Exxon.

What is the law called?

The Oil Pollution Act of 199.

How much is BP's civil liability capped at for the Deepwater Horizon spill?

75 million.

What are some examples of facilities that may be subject to OPA ?

Facilities that may be subject to OPA include tankers ships , offshore drilling rigs , onshore petroleum refineries , pipelines , storage tanks , loading terminals , marine transfer stations , bulk terminals , dockside transload facilities , barges carrying petroleum products on navigable waterways .

Why was it passed by a voice vote in the Senate?

It was passed by a voice vote because there were no objections from any Senators during debate on this bill.

When did Congress pass this bill into law?

In 1990, when George H W Bush was President and George J Mitchell (D) was Majority Leader of the Senate and Thomas Foley (D) was Speaker of the House.

What does OPA do?

It works to avoid oil spills from vessels and facilities by enforcing removal of spilled oil and assigning liability for the cost of cleanup and damage; requires specific operating procedures; defines responsible parties and financial liability; implements processes for measuring damages; specifies damages for which violators are liable; and establishes a fund for damages, cleanup, and removal costs. This statute has resulted in instrumental changes in the oil production, transportation, and distribution industries.

What does the law force companies to have?

A place to prevent spills that may occur.

How did laws governing oil spills begin in the United States?

Laws governing oil spills began in 1851 with the Limitation of Liability Act of 1851. This statue, in an attempt to protect the shipping industry, stated that vessel owners were liable for incident-related costs up to the post-incident value of their vessel. The shortcomings of this law were revealed in 1967 with the release over 1 million tons crude oil into English Channel from Torrey Canyon tanker shipwreck off coast Cornwall England .

Who is responsible under OPA?

Responsible parties include any party who owns or operates a facility from which a spill originates or who causes or contributes to an incident resulting in pollution discharge into navigable waters or adjoining shorelines."

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