What is Excess of Loss Reinsurance?


Excess of loss reinsurance (also known as stop-loss insurance) is an insurance policy designed to cover financial losses that exceed a predetermined amount. It is a type of risk management tool used by businesses, especially those in the finance sector, to mitigate their potential losses and protect their finances from unexpected events. This article will provide an overview of excess of loss reinsurance and explain how it works.

How Does Excess of Loss Reinsurance Work?

Excess of loss reinsurance works by transferring part or all of a company’s risk to another party – typically a re-insurer – who agrees to pay out the cost if the original insurer suffers losses above a certain threshold.

For example, let’s say you own a business and want to purchase excess of loss reinsurance coverage so you can protect yourself from catastrophic losses in the event that your business sustains major property damage or experiences significant financial setbacks. You could enter into an agreement with a re-insurer who agrees to pay out any costs that exceed your predetermined threshold should such an event occur.

The primary benefit of this type of reinsurance is that it helps businesses manage their risk exposure and reduce the amount they have to pay out should they suffer large losses due to unforeseen events. This type of insurance also helps businesses better predict their future financial scenarios since they know there is someone else to back them up in case things go wrong.

Additionally, excess of loss reinsurance can help businesses save money in the long run as they only pay for what they need and don’t have to worry about buying expensive policies that may not adequately cover their risks.

When Should Companies Use Excess Of Loss Reinsurance?

Excess of loss reinsurance should be considered by companies when they are looking for additional protection against large losses or when they’re trying to manage their risk exposure more effectively.

This type of policy can also be used as part of an overall risk management strategy for companies that have already purchased other types of insurance policies but need extra coverage against catastrophic risks such as natural disasters, terrorism, cyber attack, etc. It’s important for companies to carefully assess their individual needs before investing in this type of policy so that they can ensure it meets their specific requirements.


In summary, excess of loss reinsurance is an insurance policy designed to provide additional protection against large financial losses due to unforeseen events such as natural disasters or cyber attacks.

It can be used by companies in the finance sector as part of a comprehensive risk management strategy and can help them save money in the long run while still providing adequate coverage for any potential catastrophes down the road. With proper planning and research, this type of policy can help businesses protect themselves from unexpected setbacks and remain financially sound even in difficult times.