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York Antwerp Rules

What is 'York Antwerp Rules'

A set of maritime rules that outline the rights and obligations of ship and cargo owners when cargo must be jettisoned to save a ship. The York Antwerp Rules are a codification of the law of general average, the maritime principle that specifies that all parties involved in a sea venture must proportionately share any losses that result from sacrifices made to the cargo to save the remainder.

Explaining 'York Antwerp Rules'

The York Antwerp Rules were established in 1890 and have been amended several times. The rules are generally included in bills of lading, contracts of affreightment and marine insurance policies. Under the rules, a danger must be imminent, there must be a voluntary jettison of a portion of the ships cargo in order to save the whole and the attempt to avoid the danger must be successful. If these are true, then all parties involved in the maritime adventure must share proportionately the financial burden of the losses incurred to the owner(s) of any cargo that was jettisoned to save the vessel.


Further Reading


Analysis of York-Antwerp Rules 2004 [J]
en.cnki.com.cn [[J]' href='https:/api.miniature.io/pdf?url=en.cnki.com.cn%2FArticle_en%2FCJFDTotal-SXDD200503016.htm'>PDF]
… 1, PENG Gao-jian(Shanghai Maritime Univ.,Shanghai 200135,China);Some important points of view on York-Antwerp Rules[J];Annual of China … 7, CHEN Hui;The Challenge and Countermeasure which Customs Law Faces Against the Background of Economic Globalization …

The economics of mobile payments: Understanding stakeholder issues for an emerging financial technology applicationThe economics of mobile payments: Understanding stakeholder issues for an emerging financial technology application
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… 1, PENG Gao-jian(Shanghai Maritime Univ.,Shanghai 200135,China);Some important points of view on York-Antwerp Rules[J];Annual of China … 7, CHEN Hui;The Challenge and Countermeasure which Customs Law Faces Against the Background of Economic Globalization …

Education, lifelong learning, inequality and financial access: Evidence from African countriesEducation, lifelong learning, inequality and financial access: Evidence from African countries
rsa.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… 1, PENG Gao-jian(Shanghai Maritime Univ.,Shanghai 200135,China);Some important points of view on York-Antwerp Rules[J];Annual of China … 7, CHEN Hui;The Challenge and Countermeasure which Customs Law Faces Against the Background of Economic Globalization …

The evolution of the rules and regulations of the first emerging markets: the London, New York and Paris stock exchanges, 1792–1914The evolution of the rules and regulations of the first emerging markets: the London, New York and Paris stock exchanges, 1792–1914
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… 1, PENG Gao-jian(Shanghai Maritime Univ.,Shanghai 200135,China);Some important points of view on York-Antwerp Rules[J];Annual of China … 7, CHEN Hui;The Challenge and Countermeasure which Customs Law Faces Against the Background of Economic Globalization …

Stock market development and economic growth in BelgiumStock market development and economic growth in Belgium
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… 1, PENG Gao-jian(Shanghai Maritime Univ.,Shanghai 200135,China);Some important points of view on York-Antwerp Rules[J];Annual of China … 7, CHEN Hui;The Challenge and Countermeasure which Customs Law Faces Against the Background of Economic Globalization …

The evolutionary chain of international financial centersThe evolutionary chain of international financial centers
link.springer.com [PDF]
… 1, PENG Gao-jian(Shanghai Maritime Univ.,Shanghai 200135,China);Some important points of view on York-Antwerp Rules[J];Annual of China … 7, CHEN Hui;The Challenge and Countermeasure which Customs Law Faces Against the Background of Economic Globalization …



Q&A About York Antwerp Rules


What is the law of general average?

The law of general average is a principle of maritime law whereby all stakeholders in a sea venture proportionally share any losses resulting from a voluntary sacrifice of part of the ship or cargo to save the whole in an emergency.

How does the principle work?

If merchandise is thrown overboard for the purpose of lightening a ship, then loss will be shared by both carrier and cargo-owners.

Who are stakeholders in a sea venture?

All parties involved with goods at sea are considered stakeholders.

What do you need for this rule to apply?

You need imminent danger, voluntary jettisoning, success in avoiding danger.

What are the York Antwerp Rules?

The York Antwerp Rules are a set of maritime rules that outline the rights and obligations of ship and cargo owners when cargo must be jettisoned to save a ship.

When does one have to pay under these rules?

If there is a danger, there must be voluntary jettisoning, and it was successful.

How much must be paid by those who lose their goods due to an attempt to save the vessel?

All parties involved in the maritime adventure must share proportionately.

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