Yield variance is the difference between actual output and standard output of a production or manufacturing process, based on standard inputs of materials and labor. The yield variance is valued at standard cost. Yield variance is generally unfavorable, i.e., actual output is less than standard or expected output, and only rarely favorable.

For example, if 1,000 units of a product is the standard output based on 1,000 kilograms of materials in an 8-hour production unit, and the actual output is 990 units, there is an unfavorable yield variance of 10 units. If the standard cost is $25 per unit, the unfavorable yield variance would be $250.

www.jstor.org [PDF]

… Total variance of terminal wealth, given the equilibrium solution, is y2 = 02m'S-Im … portfolios cannot, in general, be chosen independently of the parameters of liability (asset) yields … can provide hypotheses on the response of intermedi- aries to changes in yield parameters which …

www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]

… Total variance of terminal wealth, given the equilibrium solution, is y2 = 02m'S-Im … portfolios cannot, in general, be chosen independently of the parameters of liability (asset) yields … can provide hypotheses on the response of intermedi- aries to changes in yield parameters which …

www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]

… Total variance of terminal wealth, given the equilibrium solution, is y2 = 02m'S-Im … portfolios cannot, in general, be chosen independently of the parameters of liability (asset) yields … can provide hypotheses on the response of intermedi- aries to changes in yield parameters which …

pubs.aeaweb.org [PDF]

… Total variance of terminal wealth, given the equilibrium solution, is y2 = 02m'S-Im … portfolios cannot, in general, be chosen independently of the parameters of liability (asset) yields … can provide hypotheses on the response of intermedi- aries to changes in yield parameters which …

academic.oup.com [PDF]

… Total variance of terminal wealth, given the equilibrium solution, is y2 = 02m'S-Im … portfolios cannot, in general, be chosen independently of the parameters of liability (asset) yields … can provide hypotheses on the response of intermedi- aries to changes in yield parameters which …

www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]

… Total variance of terminal wealth, given the equilibrium solution, is y2 = 02m'S-Im … portfolios cannot, in general, be chosen independently of the parameters of liability (asset) yields … can provide hypotheses on the response of intermedi- aries to changes in yield parameters which …

www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]

… Total variance of terminal wealth, given the equilibrium solution, is y2 = 02m'S-Im … portfolios cannot, in general, be chosen independently of the parameters of liability (asset) yields … can provide hypotheses on the response of intermedi- aries to changes in yield parameters which …

onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]

… Total variance of terminal wealth, given the equilibrium solution, is y2 = 02m'S-Im … portfolios cannot, in general, be chosen independently of the parameters of liability (asset) yields … can provide hypotheses on the response of intermedi- aries to changes in yield parameters which …

www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]

… Total variance of terminal wealth, given the equilibrium solution, is y2 = 02m'S-Im … portfolios cannot, in general, be chosen independently of the parameters of liability (asset) yields … can provide hypotheses on the response of intermedi- aries to changes in yield parameters which …

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Standard means expected or average performance for that time period.

You may want to use yield variances because they are easier to understand than other calculations such as duration or convexity.

It occurs rarely.

Yield variance is the difference between actual output and standard output of a production or manufacturing process, based on standard inputs of materials and labor.

Yields are calculated by dividing the annualized coupon payments by a bond's market price.

Actual output and standard input.

You would use it to evaluate your business operations if you were producing products that had different outputs based on different inputs (such as a factory making cars).

If you have more favorable than unfavorable variances, then it tells you that your business's performance over time has been good; however, if there are more unfavorable than favorable variances, then it tells you that your business's performance over time has been poor."

You need to know the current prices and annual coupons for both bonds in order to calculate yield variances.

Businesses need to be concerned about their yields because they want to make sure that they are getting enough product out for the amount of money spent on materials and labor costs, so they can make a profit from selling those goods/services at market value.

Yield variance measures the difference between two yields.

The number of units produced in an 8-hour period with 1 kilogram as the standard input.

Yes, it is generally unfavorable.

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