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Tankan Survey

What is 'Tankan Survey'

An economic survey of Japanese business issued by the central Bank of Japan, which it then uses to formulate monetary policy. The report is released four times a year in April, July, October and mid-December.

Explaining 'Tankan Survey'

The survey covers thousands of Japanese companies with a specified minimum amount of capital, although firms deemed sufficiently influential may also be included. The companies are asked about current trends and conditions in the business place and their respective industries as well as their expected business activities for the next quarter and year.


Further Reading


Causes of the Long Stagnation of Japan during the 1990s: Financial or Real?
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… Although the lending attitudes of banks in the “TANKAN” survey were generally tightened, the estimated effects of their exogenous … prices, credit market and foreign exchange rates altogether affected economic growth negatively. In … Economics 113, pp. 869-902 …

Balance sheet deterioration and credit allocations: Japanese evidence from the short-term economic survey of enterprisesBalance sheet deterioration and credit allocations: Japanese evidence from the short-term economic survey of enterprises
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… Although the lending attitudes of banks in the “TANKAN” survey were generally tightened, the estimated effects of their exogenous … prices, credit market and foreign exchange rates altogether affected economic growth negatively. In … Economics 113, pp. 869-902 …

Bank lending and economic activity in Japan: did 'financial factors' contribute to the recent downturn?Bank lending and economic activity in Japan: did 'financial factors' contribute to the recent downturn?
onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
… Although the lending attitudes of banks in the “TANKAN” survey were generally tightened, the estimated effects of their exogenous … prices, credit market and foreign exchange rates altogether affected economic growth negatively. In … Economics 113, pp. 869-902 …

Do financial shocks have negative effects on small businesses? New evidence from Japan for the late 1990sDo financial shocks have negative effects on small businesses? New evidence from Japan for the late 1990s
www.degruyter.com [PDF]
… Although the lending attitudes of banks in the “TANKAN” survey were generally tightened, the estimated effects of their exogenous … prices, credit market and foreign exchange rates altogether affected economic growth negatively. In … Economics 113, pp. 869-902 …

Credit allocation of Japanese banks in the 1990s: Evidence from the short-term economic survey of enterprisesCredit allocation of Japanese banks in the 1990s: Evidence from the short-term economic survey of enterprises
papers.ssrn.com [PDF]
… Although the lending attitudes of banks in the “TANKAN” survey were generally tightened, the estimated effects of their exogenous … prices, credit market and foreign exchange rates altogether affected economic growth negatively. In … Economics 113, pp. 869-902 …



Q&A About Tankan Survey


How many companies are surveyed for this report?

Thousands of companies with a specified minimum amount of capital are surveyed for this report.

What is the Tankan Survey?

The Tankan Survey is a quarterly poll of business confidence reported by the Bank of Japan that shows the status of the Japanese economy.

Who issues the report?

The central bank of Japan issues the report.

What does "large manufacturers index" refer to in the text above?

This refers to an index that measures large manufacturers' sentiment toward their current and future economic conditions.

How often is this survey conducted?

It is conducted every quarter.

Who conducts this survey?

The Bank of Japan conducts this survey.

When is the report released?

It is released four times a year in April, July, October and mid-December.

Why do they conduct this survey?

They conduct it to show how businesses are feeling about their current and future economic conditions.

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