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Manifest Variable

Definition

In statistics, observable variable or observable quantity, as opposed to latent variable, is a variable that can be observed and directly measured.

What is 'Manifest Variable'

A variable that can be directly measured or observed. It is the opposite of a latent variable, which can not be directly observed. Manifest variables are used in latent variable statistical models, which test the relationships between a set of manifest variables and a set of latent variables. Manifest variables are considered either continuous or categorical (a countable range).

Explaining 'Manifest Variable'

Statisticians use several different analysis tests when examining manifest variables and latent variables. The four most frequently used models are factor analysis, latent trait analysis, latent profile analysis, and latent class analysis. Which model is ultimately used depends on whether the manifest variables are continuous or categorical, and whether the latent variables are continuous or categorical.


Further Reading


Financial development and economic growth: international evidence
www.journals.uchicago.edu [PDF]
… plural fatawa) fiqh fiqhi fitra fuqaha ghayb hadith hajiyyath Qur'anic world-system manifesting the signs of … taken as the oneness or unity of the divine law as it manifests in the … induced cash- flows in the overlapping generation valuation model Interaction levels of variables V1, V2 …

Investigating factorial invariance of latent variables across populations when manifest variables are missing completelyInvestigating factorial invariance of latent variables across populations when manifest variables are missing completely
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… plural fatawa) fiqh fiqhi fitra fuqaha ghayb hadith hajiyyath Qur'anic world-system manifesting the signs of … taken as the oneness or unity of the divine law as it manifests in the … induced cash- flows in the overlapping generation valuation model Interaction levels of variables V1, V2 …

The effects of sustainable development on firms' financial performance–an empirical approachThe effects of sustainable development on firms' financial performance–an empirical approach
onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
… plural fatawa) fiqh fiqhi fitra fuqaha ghayb hadith hajiyyath Qur'anic world-system manifesting the signs of … taken as the oneness or unity of the divine law as it manifests in the … induced cash- flows in the overlapping generation valuation model Interaction levels of variables V1, V2 …

Consumers' stock preferences beyond expected financial returnsConsumers' stock preferences beyond expected financial returns
www.emerald.com [PDF]
… plural fatawa) fiqh fiqhi fitra fuqaha ghayb hadith hajiyyath Qur'anic world-system manifesting the signs of … taken as the oneness or unity of the divine law as it manifests in the … induced cash- flows in the overlapping generation valuation model Interaction levels of variables V1, V2 …

How is manifest branding strategy related to the intangible value of a corporation?How is manifest branding strategy related to the intangible value of a corporation?
journals.sagepub.com [PDF]
… plural fatawa) fiqh fiqhi fitra fuqaha ghayb hadith hajiyyath Qur'anic world-system manifesting the signs of … taken as the oneness or unity of the divine law as it manifests in the … induced cash- flows in the overlapping generation valuation model Interaction levels of variables V1, V2 …

Mental discounting and financial strategiesMental discounting and financial strategies
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… plural fatawa) fiqh fiqhi fitra fuqaha ghayb hadith hajiyyath Qur'anic world-system manifesting the signs of … taken as the oneness or unity of the divine law as it manifests in the … induced cash- flows in the overlapping generation valuation model Interaction levels of variables V1, V2 …

Manifest variable Granger causality models for developmental research: A taxonomyManifest variable Granger causality models for developmental research: A taxonomy
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… plural fatawa) fiqh fiqhi fitra fuqaha ghayb hadith hajiyyath Qur'anic world-system manifesting the signs of … taken as the oneness or unity of the divine law as it manifests in the … induced cash- flows in the overlapping generation valuation model Interaction levels of variables V1, V2 …

Do green supply chains lead to competitiveness and economic performance?Do green supply chains lead to competitiveness and economic performance?
www.emerald.com [PDF]
… plural fatawa) fiqh fiqhi fitra fuqaha ghayb hadith hajiyyath Qur'anic world-system manifesting the signs of … taken as the oneness or unity of the divine law as it manifests in the … induced cash- flows in the overlapping generation valuation model Interaction levels of variables V1, V2 …

Modelling the causes and manifestation of bank stress: an example from the financial crisisModelling the causes and manifestation of bank stress: an example from the financial crisis
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… plural fatawa) fiqh fiqhi fitra fuqaha ghayb hadith hajiyyath Qur'anic world-system manifesting the signs of … taken as the oneness or unity of the divine law as it manifests in the … induced cash- flows in the overlapping generation valuation model Interaction levels of variables V1, V2 …


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