BROWSE

Mancession

What is 'Mancession'

An economic instance in which the unemployment rate is substantially higher among men than it is among women. The term "mancession" was coined during the financial crisis of 2008-2009, during which men bore the brunt of the job losses in the United States, at rates close to 50% higher than those of women.

Explaining 'Mancession'

Analysts have tried to understand the mancession phenomenon, and have offered a few possible reasons. First, during the financial crisis of 2008-2009, the majority of jobs that were initially cut were in the male-dominated manufacturing and construction industries, leading to disproportionate levels of joblessness among males.


Also, at the time it was reported that women in the United States accounted for nearly 60% of the college degrees handed out during that period, meaning that a greater number of women were working white-collar jobs, especially in publicly-funded industries such as education and healthcare, which saw far fewer cutbacks than male-dominated industries.


Further Reading


Mancession or Momcession: Good Providers, a Bad Economy, and Gender Discrimination
heinonline.org [PDF]
… The Man-Cession By Education Level … trends in labor force participation, separating out the changes due to trends from the changes due to economic conditions … Using the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics to Revisit the 'Pin Money' Theory." Journal of Socio-Economics, Vol …

Economic recession and recovery in the UK: what's gender got to do with it?Economic recession and recovery in the UK: what's gender got to do with it?
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… The Man-Cession By Education Level … trends in labor force participation, separating out the changes due to trends from the changes due to economic conditions … Using the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics to Revisit the 'Pin Money' Theory." Journal of Socio-Economics, Vol …

Memes, masculinity and mancession: Memes, masculinity and mancession:
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… The Man-Cession By Education Level … trends in labor force participation, separating out the changes due to trends from the changes due to economic conditions … Using the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics to Revisit the 'Pin Money' Theory." Journal of Socio-Economics, Vol …

The great he-cession: Why feminists should rally for the end of white supremacist capitalist patriarchyThe great he-cession: Why feminists should rally for the end of white supremacist capitalist patriarchy
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… The Man-Cession By Education Level … trends in labor force participation, separating out the changes due to trends from the changes due to economic conditions … Using the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics to Revisit the 'Pin Money' Theory." Journal of Socio-Economics, Vol …

The post-crash decade of American cinema: Wall Street, the" Mancession” and the political construction of crisisThe post-crash decade of American cinema: Wall Street, the" Mancession” and the political construction of crisis
ruj.uj.edu.pl [PDF]
… The Man-Cession By Education Level … trends in labor force participation, separating out the changes due to trends from the changes due to economic conditions … Using the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics to Revisit the 'Pin Money' Theory." Journal of Socio-Economics, Vol …

The well-being of working women in times of economic crisis and recovery: Insights from the Great RecessionThe well-being of working women in times of economic crisis and recovery: Insights from the Great Recession
link.springer.com [PDF]
… The Man-Cession By Education Level … trends in labor force participation, separating out the changes due to trends from the changes due to economic conditions … Using the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics to Revisit the 'Pin Money' Theory." Journal of Socio-Economics, Vol …

Mancession-A Panel Data Analysis (2000-2009)Mancession-A Panel Data Analysis (2000-2009)
papers.ssrn.com [PDF]
… The Man-Cession By Education Level … trends in labor force participation, separating out the changes due to trends from the changes due to economic conditions … Using the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics to Revisit the 'Pin Money' Theory." Journal of Socio-Economics, Vol …

Transcending the impact of the financial crisis in the United Kingdom: towards plan F—a feminist economic strategyTranscending the impact of the financial crisis in the United Kingdom: towards plan F—a feminist economic strategy
journals.sagepub.com [PDF]
… The Man-Cession By Education Level … trends in labor force participation, separating out the changes due to trends from the changes due to economic conditions … Using the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics to Revisit the 'Pin Money' Theory." Journal of Socio-Economics, Vol …

Women and austerity: the economic crisis and the future for gender equalityWomen and austerity: the economic crisis and the future for gender equality
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… The Man-Cession By Education Level … trends in labor force participation, separating out the changes due to trends from the changes due to economic conditions … Using the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics to Revisit the 'Pin Money' Theory." Journal of Socio-Economics, Vol …



Q&A About Mancession


What industries did most of these layoffs occur in?

Most layoffs occurred in manufacturing and construction industries, both male-dominated fields.

What is the term "mancession"?

The term mancession refers to an economic instance in which the unemployment rate is substantially higher among men than it is among women.

Why was the term coined?

The term mancession was coined during the financial crisis of 28-29, when more men lost their jobs than women.

What does "direct economic fallout" mean?

Direct economic fallout refers to the immediate effects on an economy that occur when there is a recession or depression in which people lose their jobs and businesses go bankrupt, leading to widespread unemployment and poverty in a country or region.

Were there other reasons for disproportionate levels of unemployment between genders?

Yes, it was reported that more women were working white collar jobs such as education and healthcare, which saw far fewer cutbacks than male dominated fields.

Who suffers from the most direct economic fallout from recession/depression?

Men suffer from the most direct economic fallout from recession/depression because they tend not only lose their jobs at a higher rate but also have lower incomes than women do overall .

What does "publicly funded" mean in this context?

Publicly funded means publicly financed or provided by government funds or taxes; not privately owned or operated for profit .

How many more men were laid off than women during this time period?

Men were laid off at a rate that was 5 times higher than that of women.

Who bore the brunt of job losses during this time period?

Men bore the brunt of job losses during this time period.

How has this trend changed over time?

This trend has changed over time due to changing labor market conditions; however, it remains true today that men still face greater risk of losing their jobs during times of recession or depression than women do.

What is the historical norm for U.S. business cycles?

The historical norm for U.S. business cycles is for men to suffer the brunt of job losses and other direct economic fallout of recessions.

Did any other factors contribute to high levels of unemployment among males compared to females?

Yes, it was also reported that at least six out of every ten college degrees handed out during this time went to females .

What does "the brunt" mean?

The word "bruise" means injury caused by violence; therefore, the phrase "the brunt" means taking on something difficult with force (in this case, having your job taken away).

Why do men tend to be affected more by recessions than women?

Women are less likely to work in industries that are directly impacted by recessions, such as construction or manufacturing, while men are more likely to work in these types of industries and therefore have higher rates of unemployment during times of recession or depression.

Are there any additional reasons why men suffered from disproportionately high rates of unemployment compared to women during this time period ?

Yes , some analysts have suggested that employers may have discriminated against male applicants based on stereotypes about masculinity .

How are men affected by recessions?

Men tend to be affected more by recessions than women, as they lose their jobs at a higher rate than women during recessions.

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