Madrid Stock Exchange (MAD) .MA

What is ‘Madrid Stock Exchange (MAD) .MA’

The largest securities market in Spain, also known as the Bolsa de Madrid. In 1809, Jose I Bonaparte attempted to establish Spain’s first stock exchange in Madrid but it failed because Madrid was not a major business center at the time. 1831 saw the enactment of the law creating the Madrid Stock Exchange with securities of banks, railways and iron and steel companies being the first traded.

Explaining ‘Madrid Stock Exchange (MAD) .MA’

The Exchange remained open during WWI, but closed during the Spanish Civil War from 1936 through early 1940. The Spanish Stock Exchange was transformed in 1988 with Spain’s incorporation into the European Monetary System. In 1993, the Madrid Stock Exchange switched to all-electronic trading for fixed-income securities. In 1999 Spain’s securities markets began trading in Euros. Its regulatory body is the Spanish Stock Exchange Commission.

Further Reading

  • Surveying stock market forecasting techniques–Part II: Soft computing methods – [PDF]
  • Literature review: Machine learning techniques applied to financial market prediction – [PDF]
  • Institutional architectures and behavioral ecologies in the dynamics of financial markets – [PDF]
  • Lean manufacturing practices, ISO 14001, and environmental performance in Malaysian automotive suppliers – [PDF]
  • Application of evolutionary computation for rule discovery in stock algorithmic trading: A literature review – [PDF]
  • The 'old'and 'new'politics of financial services regulation in the European Union – [PDF]