BROWSE

C. Michael Armstrong

Definition

C Michael Armstrong is an American business executive and former AT&T chairman and CEO. He tried to reestablish AT&T as an end-to-end carrier but, due to the dot-com bust and various other issues, he was forced to break the group up in 2001. He resigned in 2002 and was succeeded by AT&T President David Dorman.

What is 'C. Michael Armstrong'

A former CEO and chairman of AT&T from 1997 until he resigned in 2002. He led AT&T to acquire two of the largest cable television companies in 1998 but had to break up the new company in 2001 in the wake of the dot-com bust. Armstrong was also a former Citigroup board member from 1989 to 2010. He was criticized for his role in Citigroup's financial struggles during the 2007 financial crisis.

Explaining 'C. Michael Armstrong'

Born in Detroit in 1938, Armstrong is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Prior to joining AT&T, he held high-level positions at IBM, where he worked for 31 years, and at Hughes Electronics, where he helped launch DirecTV.


Further Reading


Crisis events in tourism: subjects of crisis in tourism
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… C. Michael Hall Department of Management , University of Canterbury , Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand Correspondencemichael.hall … & Falco-Mammone, 2007), hurricanes (Baade & Matheson, 2007) and bushfires (Armstrong & Ritchie, 2007; Cioccio & Michael, 2007) …

Urban entrepreneurship, corporate interests and sports mega-events: the thin policies of competitiveness within the hard outcomes of neoliberalismUrban entrepreneurship, corporate interests and sports mega-events: the thin policies of competitiveness within the hard outcomes of neoliberalism
journals.sagepub.com [PDF]
… C. Michael Hall Department of Management , University of Canterbury , Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand Correspondencemichael.hall … & Falco-Mammone, 2007), hurricanes (Baade & Matheson, 2007) and bushfires (Armstrong & Ritchie, 2007; Cioccio & Michael, 2007) …

International trade and the American dream: Export imperatives that will dominate our economic well-beingInternational trade and the American dream: Export imperatives that will dominate our economic well-being
search.proquest.com [PDF]
… C. Michael Hall Department of Management , University of Canterbury , Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand Correspondencemichael.hall … & Falco-Mammone, 2007), hurricanes (Baade & Matheson, 2007) and bushfires (Armstrong & Ritchie, 2007; Cioccio & Michael, 2007) …

An empirical comparison of published replication research in accounting, economics, finance, management, and marketingAn empirical comparison of published replication research in accounting, economics, finance, management, and marketing
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… C. Michael Hall Department of Management , University of Canterbury , Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand Correspondencemichael.hall … & Falco-Mammone, 2007), hurricanes (Baade & Matheson, 2007) and bushfires (Armstrong & Ritchie, 2007; Cioccio & Michael, 2007) …

North-south perspectives on tourism, regional development and peripheral areasNorth-south perspectives on tourism, regional development and peripheral areas
books.google.com [PDF]
… C. Michael Hall Department of Management , University of Canterbury , Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand Correspondencemichael.hall … & Falco-Mammone, 2007), hurricanes (Baade & Matheson, 2007) and bushfires (Armstrong & Ritchie, 2007; Cioccio & Michael, 2007) …

Allocation of attention within venture capital firmsAllocation of attention within venture capital firms
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… C. Michael Hall Department of Management , University of Canterbury , Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand Correspondencemichael.hall … & Falco-Mammone, 2007), hurricanes (Baade & Matheson, 2007) and bushfires (Armstrong & Ritchie, 2007; Cioccio & Michael, 2007) …

Is the Second Time the Charm for Students Repeating Introductory Finance?Is the Second Time the Charm for Students Repeating Introductory Finance?
www.jstor.org [PDF]
… C. Michael Hall Department of Management , University of Canterbury , Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand Correspondencemichael.hall … & Falco-Mammone, 2007), hurricanes (Baade & Matheson, 2007) and bushfires (Armstrong & Ritchie, 2007; Cioccio & Michael, 2007) …



Q&A About C. Michael Armstrong


Where was he born?

He was born in Detroit, Michigan in 1938.

What did he do before joining AT&T?

He held high-level positions at IBM and Hughes Electronics prior to joining AT&T.

Why was it necessary that they break up their new company?

They broke up their new company because of dot-com bust .

When did Armstrong lead AT&T to acquire two of the largest cable television companies in 1998 but had to break up the new company in 21 ?

In 1998, Armstrong led AT&t to acquire two of the largest cable television companies but had to break up the new company in 21 .

How long did he work for Citigroup?

He worked for Citigroup from 1989 to 21.

Who is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations?

Armstrong is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations .

What position did Armstrong hold at IBM and what position did he hold at Hughes Electronics prior to joining AT&t ?

At IBM, he held high-level positions , and at Hughes Electronics , he helped launch DirecTV .

Was he criticized for his role in Citigroup's financial struggles during the 27 financial crisis?

Yes, he was criticized for his role in Citigroup's financial struggles during the 27 financial crisis.

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