BROWSE

Baby Bells

Definition

The Regional Bell Operating Companies are the result of United States v. AT&T, the U.S. Department of Justice antitrust suit against the former American Telephone & Telegraph Company. On January 8, 1982, AT&T Corp. settled the suit and agreed to divest its local exchange service operating companies. Effective January 1, 1984, AT&T Corp.'s local operations were split into seven independent Regional Bell Operating Companies known as Baby Bells.

What is 'Baby Bells'

A common nickname given to the U.S. regional telephone companies that were formed from the breakup of AT&T ("Ma Bell") in 1984. Baby Bells were created in accordance with antitrust legislation, which is designed to create more competition within the industry.

Explaining 'Baby Bells'

Upon the initial breakup of AT&T, the Baby Bells included Nynex in New York and New England; Bell Atlantic, BellSouth and Ameritech in the Midwest; and Southwestern Bell, U.S. West and Pacific Telesis in California and Nevada. Over time, however, these companies have gone through several more corporate changes, such as acquisitions and mergers. As a result, the industry has been consolidated into a few domestic telephone providers.


Further Reading


Public-private alliances for telecommunications development: Intracorporate baby bells in the developing countries
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… other factors constant." One strategy popular in labor economics … 3 Six of the seven CEO's of the newly-born Baby Bells were Bell Operating Company presidents, and the remaining CEO was an executive vice president of … heterogeneity of the Baby Bells to quantify the empirical …

Sibling rivalry: The emergence of competition among the baby bellsSibling rivalry: The emergence of competition among the baby bells
onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
… other factors constant." One strategy popular in labor economics … 3 Six of the seven CEO's of the newly-born Baby Bells were Bell Operating Company presidents, and the remaining CEO was an executive vice president of … heterogeneity of the Baby Bells to quantify the empirical …

Notes and Communications: The Financial Crisis: Origins and Remedies in a Critical Institutionalist PerspectiveNotes and Communications: The Financial Crisis: Origins and Remedies in a Critical Institutionalist Perspective
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… other factors constant." One strategy popular in labor economics … 3 Six of the seven CEO's of the newly-born Baby Bells were Bell Operating Company presidents, and the remaining CEO was an executive vice president of … heterogeneity of the Baby Bells to quantify the empirical …

Strategic flexibility creating dynamic competitive advantagesStrategic flexibility creating dynamic competitive advantages
www.oxfordhandbooks.com [PDF]
… other factors constant." One strategy popular in labor economics … 3 Six of the seven CEO's of the newly-born Baby Bells were Bell Operating Company presidents, and the remaining CEO was an executive vice president of … heterogeneity of the Baby Bells to quantify the empirical …

Using economic profit to assess performance: A metric for modern firmsUsing economic profit to assess performance: A metric for modern firms
go.gale.com [PDF]
… other factors constant." One strategy popular in labor economics … 3 Six of the seven CEO's of the newly-born Baby Bells were Bell Operating Company presidents, and the remaining CEO was an executive vice president of … heterogeneity of the Baby Bells to quantify the empirical …

Alternative forms of economic organization: Be careful what you wish forAlternative forms of economic organization: Be careful what you wish for
journals.aom.org [PDF]
… other factors constant." One strategy popular in labor economics … 3 Six of the seven CEO's of the newly-born Baby Bells were Bell Operating Company presidents, and the remaining CEO was an executive vice president of … heterogeneity of the Baby Bells to quantify the empirical …



Q&A About Baby Bells


How have these companies changed over time?

These companies have gone through several more corporate changes, such as acquisitions and mergers. As a result, the industry has been consolidated into a few domestic telephone providers.

Who are some of the Baby Bells?

Nynex in New York and New England; Bell Atlantic, BellSouth and Ameritech in the Midwest; and Southwestern Bell, U.S. West and Pacific Telesis in California and Nevada.

What is the nickname given to regional telephone companies?

Baby Bells.

Why were the Baby Bells created?

The Baby Bells were created in accordance with antitrust legislation, which is designed to create more competition within the industry.