BROWSE

Above Ground Risk

What is 'Above Ground Risk'

Non-quantifiable risks that can adversely affect a project or investment. Above ground risk is generally used in the energy industry to refer to non-technical risks such as environmental issues and the regulatory climate. More broadly, above ground risk refers to a wide range of somewhat nebulous risks such as political risk, corporate risk, security and corporate governance whose impact is difficult to quantify, but could be significant should one or more of these risks become a real threat.

Explaining 'Above Ground Risk'

Above grounds risks may also include a number of risks that are less acknowledged such as corruption, bribery and conflicts of interest. The degree of above ground risk differs from one nation to the next. Countries with pro-business policies, strong governance and efficient legal systems may have a lower degree of above ground risk than those nations that do not possess these attributes.


Further Reading


Risk assessment and prevention of surface subsidence in deep multiple coal seam mining under dense above-ground buildings: Case study
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… subsidence. Economics and environmental benefits are detailed in Table 5. Risk assessment and prevention of surface subsidence in deep multiple coal seam mining under dense above-ground buildings: Case study …

“Growing” communities with urban agriculture: Generating value above and below ground“Growing” communities with urban agriculture: Generating value above and below ground
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… subsidence. Economics and environmental benefits are detailed in Table 5. Risk assessment and prevention of surface subsidence in deep multiple coal seam mining under dense above-ground buildings: Case study …

Scheffer index as preferred method to define decay risk zones for above ground wood in building codesScheffer index as preferred method to define decay risk zones for above ground wood in building codes
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… subsidence. Economics and environmental benefits are detailed in Table 5. Risk assessment and prevention of surface subsidence in deep multiple coal seam mining under dense above-ground buildings: Case study …

Estimation of above ground forest biomass from airborne discrete return laser scanner data using canopy-based quantile estimatorsEstimation of above ground forest biomass from airborne discrete return laser scanner data using canopy-based quantile estimators
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… subsidence. Economics and environmental benefits are detailed in Table 5. Risk assessment and prevention of surface subsidence in deep multiple coal seam mining under dense above-ground buildings: Case study …

Buried above ground: A university-based study of risk/protective factors for suicidality among sexual minority youth in CanadaBuried above ground: A university-based study of risk/protective factors for suicidality among sexual minority youth in Canada
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… subsidence. Economics and environmental benefits are detailed in Table 5. Risk assessment and prevention of surface subsidence in deep multiple coal seam mining under dense above-ground buildings: Case study …

Financial risk tolerance and additional factors that affect risk taking in everyday money mattersFinancial risk tolerance and additional factors that affect risk taking in everyday money matters
link.springer.com [PDF]
… subsidence. Economics and environmental benefits are detailed in Table 5. Risk assessment and prevention of surface subsidence in deep multiple coal seam mining under dense above-ground buildings: Case study …

Climate change, aboveground-belowground interactions, and species' range shiftsClimate change, aboveground-belowground interactions, and species' range shifts
www.annualreviews.org [PDF]
… subsidence. Economics and environmental benefits are detailed in Table 5. Risk assessment and prevention of surface subsidence in deep multiple coal seam mining under dense above-ground buildings: Case study …

A class of distortion operators for pricing financial and insurance risksA class of distortion operators for pricing financial and insurance risks
www.jstor.org [PDF]
… subsidence. Economics and environmental benefits are detailed in Table 5. Risk assessment and prevention of surface subsidence in deep multiple coal seam mining under dense above-ground buildings: Case study …

Estimating above-ground biomass in young forests with airborne laser scanningEstimating above-ground biomass in young forests with airborne laser scanning
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… subsidence. Economics and environmental benefits are detailed in Table 5. Risk assessment and prevention of surface subsidence in deep multiple coal seam mining under dense above-ground buildings: Case study …



Q&A About Above Ground Risk


How does above ground risk differ from other types of risks?

Other types of risks tend to be quantifiable and are more technical in nature.

What is above ground risk?

Above ground risk is non-quantifiable risks that can adversely affect a project or investment.

What does the term "above ground" refer to?

The term "above ground" refers to environmental issues, regulatory climate, political factors and corporate governance.

Which energy industry uses the term "above grounds"?

The energy industry uses this term most often.

Where can you find more detailed information about business, economics, environment and finance risks?

You can find more detailed information about these topics by clicking the links provided above.

How many different definitions are there for risk?

There are several different definitions for risk. The international standard definition of risk for common understanding in different applications is "effect of uncertainty on objectives."

What does uncertainty have to do with risk?

Uncertainty involves the effect of an activity on something that humans value, often focusing on negative, undesirable consequences.

Why do investors use the term "above grounds"?

Investors use this phrase because it is difficult to quantify these risks but they could have significant impact if one or more of them become real threats.

What is risk?

Risk is the possibility of something bad happening.