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Implied Repo Rate

Definition

Implied Repo Rate is the rate of return of borrowing money to buy an asset in the spot market and delivering it in the futures market where the notional is used to repay the loan.

Implied Repo Rate

What is the 'Implied Repo Rate'

The implied repo rate is the rate of return that can be earned by simultaneously selling a bond futures or forward contract, and then buying an actual bond of equal amount in the cash market using borrowed money. The bond is held until it is delivered into the futures or forward contract and the loan is repaid.

Explaining 'Implied Repo Rate'

The repo rate refers to the amount earned, calculated as net profit, from the processing of selling a bond futures contract, or other issue, and subsequently using the borrowed funds to buy a bond of the same value with delivery taking place on the associated settlement date. The implied repo rate comes from the reverse repo market, which has similar gain/loss variables as the implied repo rate, and provides a function similar to that of a traditional interest rate.

Understanding Repos

A repo refers to the repurchase agreements that, by arranging to buy and subsequently sell a particular security at a specified time for a predetermined amount, function as a form of collateralized loan. Generally, a dealer borrows an amount of funds less than a particular bond's value from a customer and the bond functions as collateral. Since the amount borrowed is less than the value of the bond, the lending customer has a reduced level of risk if the value of the bond decreases before the repayment time is reached.

Settlement Date

Terms regarding when repayment on the loan is required, referred to as the settlement date, can vary. In many instances, the funds are only held by the borrower overnight, causing the transaction to complete within a business day. Longer terms can be made available, though the majority remain under 14 days in length.

Applications Outside of the Bond Market

All types of futures and forward contracts have an implied repo rate, not just bond contracts. For example, the price at which wheat can be simultaneously purchased in the cash market and sold in the futures market, minus storage, delivery and borrowing costs, is an implied repo rate. In the mortgage-backed securities TBA market, the implied repo rate is known as the dollar roll arbitrage.


Further Reading

Configurations for arbitrage using financial futures contractsConfigurations for arbitrage using financial futures contracts
search.proquest.com [PDF]
… An approximation was presented for the implied repo rate for US Treasury bonds and financial futures … The sections on application considered arbitrage among implied repo rates and also money market rates … Repo Condor-Butterfly, Straight Repo, Turtle, and Euro-Turtle …

Arbitrage opportunities with T-bill/T-bond futures combinationsArbitrage opportunities with T-bill/T-bond futures combinations
search.proquest.com [PDF]
… An approximation was presented for the implied repo rate for US Treasury bonds and financial futures … The sections on application considered arbitrage among implied repo rates and also money market rates … Repo Condor-Butterfly, Straight Repo, Turtle, and Euro-Turtle …

Threshold cointegration and nonlinear causality test between inflation rate and repo rateThreshold cointegration and nonlinear causality test between inflation rate and repo rate
papers.ssrn.com [PDF]
… An approximation was presented for the implied repo rate for US Treasury bonds and financial futures … The sections on application considered arbitrage among implied repo rates and also money market rates … Repo Condor-Butterfly, Straight Repo, Turtle, and Euro-Turtle …

Japanese repo and call markets before, during, and emerging from the financial crisisJapanese repo and call markets before, during, and emerging from the financial crisis
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… An approximation was presented for the implied repo rate for US Treasury bonds and financial futures … The sections on application considered arbitrage among implied repo rates and also money market rates … Repo Condor-Butterfly, Straight Repo, Turtle, and Euro-Turtle …

Interest rate setting on the Swiss Franc repo marketInterest rate setting on the Swiss Franc repo market
link.springer.com [PDF]
… An approximation was presented for the implied repo rate for US Treasury bonds and financial futures … The sections on application considered arbitrage among implied repo rates and also money market rates … Repo Condor-Butterfly, Straight Repo, Turtle, and Euro-Turtle …

In Which Direction Is There a Momentum Effect in the Changes in the Spread Between the Repo Rate and Federal Funds Rate?In Which Direction Is There a Momentum Effect in the Changes in the Spread Between the Repo Rate and Federal Funds Rate?
link.springer.com [PDF]
… An approximation was presented for the implied repo rate for US Treasury bonds and financial futures … The sections on application considered arbitrage among implied repo rates and also money market rates … Repo Condor-Butterfly, Straight Repo, Turtle, and Euro-Turtle …


Tags

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