What is Float Stock? The Definition

Float Stock

Float stock is an often overlooked, but important, part of the stock market. It’s a technical measure that helps investors and analysts gauge the liquidity of a company’s stock and its impact on the market. But what exactly is it? Let’s take a closer look at float stock to get a better understanding of this concept.

What is Float Stock?

Float stock refers to the number of shares available for trading in public markets. A company’s float stock is determined by subtracting their restricted shares from their total outstanding shares.

Restricted shares are typically held by company insiders, such as founders, board directors, and large institutional holders like mutual funds and venture capitalists who have agreed not to sell their shares for a certain period of time. By subtracting these restricted shares from the total number available for trading, you get what’s known as the “float.”

How Float Stock Impacts Price

The size of a company’s float can have an impact on its share price because it affects the supply and demand dynamics in the market. As more people buy into a particular stock, they create higher demand while reducing supply in circulation. This increases prices and can cause stocks to become overvalued if there isn’t enough float to keep up with demand.

On the other hand, if too much float exists—meaning more supply than demand—it can drive down prices due to decreased demand. That’s why it’s important for investors to understand how many shares are available for trading before investing in any given company or sector of the market.


Float stock can be an essential tool for serious investors when trying to assess whether or not to invest in a particular company or sector of the market. By understanding how many shares are freely available for trading and taking into account potential changes in supply and demand dynamics, investors can make more informed decisions about where to put their money—and potentially avoid costly mistakes that could negatively affect their portfolios. With so much riding on these decisions, it pays off to do your homework when it comes to float stock!