BROWSE

Umpire Clause

What is 'Umpire Clause'

The language in an insurance policy that provides for a means of resolution by an unbiased third party if an insurer and an insured cannot agree on the amount of a claim payment. An umpire clause is the same thing as an arbitration clause. The arbitration process requires both the insurance company and the policy holder to hire an appraiser of their choosing to assess the damages and the cost to repair them. The umpire will agree with one or perhaps both of the resulting appraisals and that amount will be used to satisfy the claim.

Explaining 'Umpire Clause'

For example, let's say Sheldon has a car accident and his car is totaled. He is at fault, so he files a first-party claim with his own insurance company. The insurer determines that the value of his totaled vehicle is $10,000 and offers to pay him the $10,000 minus his $1,000 collision deductible. According to his research, Sheldon believes the value of his car to be closer to $15,000. Since they are so far apart, Sheldon and his insurer agree to invoke the policy's umpire clause and have a neutral third party and appraisers determine the value of the car.


Further Reading


Inside Baseball: Arbitrators as Umpires
heinonline.org [PDF]
… 'AN IMPARTIAL UMPIRE' … The penalty clause, in so far as it prevented workers from leaving their employment before the board made its report, was an … Following the completion of his BA degree, King was offered a fellowship in economics at the University of Chicago, but he …

The tragedy of the umpire: the electoral management body and Nigeria's 2019 general electionsThe tragedy of the umpire: the electoral management body and Nigeria's 2019 general elections
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… 'AN IMPARTIAL UMPIRE' … The penalty clause, in so far as it prevented workers from leaving their employment before the board made its report, was an … Following the completion of his BA degree, King was offered a fellowship in economics at the University of Chicago, but he …

Umpiring the Federal SystemUmpiring the Federal System
www.jstor.org [PDF]
… 'AN IMPARTIAL UMPIRE' … The penalty clause, in so far as it prevented workers from leaving their employment before the board made its report, was an … Following the completion of his BA degree, King was offered a fellowship in economics at the University of Chicago, but he …

Improving the performance of sport's ultimate umpire: reforming the governance of the court of arbitration for sportImproving the performance of sport's ultimate umpire: reforming the governance of the court of arbitration for sport
heinonline.org [PDF]
… 'AN IMPARTIAL UMPIRE' … The penalty clause, in so far as it prevented workers from leaving their employment before the board made its report, was an … Following the completion of his BA degree, King was offered a fellowship in economics at the University of Chicago, but he …

Customers' perceptions on the dispute resolution clauses in Islamic finance contracts in MalaysiaCustomers' perceptions on the dispute resolution clauses in Islamic finance contracts in Malaysia
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… 'AN IMPARTIAL UMPIRE' … The penalty clause, in so far as it prevented workers from leaving their employment before the board made its report, was an … Following the completion of his BA degree, King was offered a fellowship in economics at the University of Chicago, but he …

New approaches to economic development: the World Bank, the EBRD, and the negative pledge clauseNew approaches to economic development: the World Bank, the EBRD, and the negative pledge clause
heinonline.org [PDF]
… 'AN IMPARTIAL UMPIRE' … The penalty clause, in so far as it prevented workers from leaving their employment before the board made its report, was an … Following the completion of his BA degree, King was offered a fellowship in economics at the University of Chicago, but he …

Judging the Judiciary as Federalism's Umpire-Conflicting Visions of Canadian Federalism and the Ideal Role of the Judiciary Surrounding Bennett's New DealJudging the Judiciary as Federalism's Umpire-Conflicting Visions of Canadian Federalism and the Ideal Role of the Judiciary Surrounding Bennett's New Deal
journals.library.ualberta.ca [PDF]
… 'AN IMPARTIAL UMPIRE' … The penalty clause, in so far as it prevented workers from leaving their employment before the board made its report, was an … Following the completion of his BA degree, King was offered a fellowship in economics at the University of Chicago, but he …



Q&A About Umpire Clause


What does an arbitration process require?

The arbitration process requires both the insurance company and the policy holder to hire appraisers of their choosing to assess damages and cost to repair them.

Why do you need two appraisers for a claim settlement?

To ensure fairness between parties.

Can you give me an example of how this works in real life?

Sure, let's say Sheldon has a car accident and his car is totaled. He is at fault, so he files a first-party claim with his own insurance company. The insurer determines that the value of his totaled vehicle is $1,000 but offers to pay him only $800 minus his $100 collision deductible because it was determined that it would cost $200 more than that amount to fix it (which means Sheldon's insurer thinks its worth less than $1,000). According to his research, Sheldon believes the value of his car to be closer to $1,500 . Since they are so far apart , Sheldon and his insurer agree to invoke the policy's umpire clause and have neutral third party and appraisers determine value of vehicle . After reviewing all information provided by both sides ,the arbitrator decides that vehicle should be valued at

Who determines which appraiser will be used in arbitration?

The umpire will agree with one or perhaps both of the resulting appraisals and that amount will be used to satisfy the claim.

What is an umpire clause?

An umpire clause is the same thing as an arbitration clause.

How many appraisers are involved in arbitration?

Two, one chosen by each party.

What happens if they can't agree on a single value for a claim payment?

The umpire makes a decision based on what he believes is fair between parties.