# Ulcer Index (UI)

## What is ‘Ulcer Index – UI’

A technical indicator that measures downside risk, in terms of both depth and duration of price declines. The Ulcer Index (UI) increases in value as the price moves farther away from a recent high, and falls as the price rises to new highs. The indicator is usually calculated over 14 days, with the UI showing the percentage drawdown a trader can expect from the high over that period.

## Explaining ‘Ulcer Index – UI’

Developed by Peter Marin and Byron McCann in 1987 for analyzing mutual funds, the indicator only looks at downside risk, not overall volatility like standard deviation.

## Ulcer Index (ui) FAQ

#### How is Calmar ratio calculated?

To calculate a fund’s Calmar ratio, take the average annual rate of return, and divide it by the maximum drawdown from the same time period. For instance, if a fund’s average annual rate of return for the past three years is 20%, and its maximum drawdown is 70%, then the Calmar ratio is 0.29.

#### What does a Sharpe ratio mean?

A Sharpe ratio measures a financial portfolio’s risk-adjusted return. When compared to its peers, a portfolio with a higher Sharpe ratio is considered superior. The measure was named after finance professor William F Sharpe, a Nobel Laureate.

#### How do you use ulcer index?

The Ulcer Index is used to compare the amount of risk of various investment options. A higher average UI indicates a higher amount of risk. To compare the overall volatility of stocks and funds, a moving average can be applied to the Ulcer Index.

#### What does the Sortino ratio mean?

A variation of the Sharpe ratio, the Sortino ratio measures the risk of a portfolio using the downside deviation of returns instead of standard deviation.

#### What is a good Sharpe ratio?

Generally, investors consider a Sharpe ratio greater than 1.0 to be acceptable. A ratio higher than 2.0 is considered to be very good, and higher than 3.0 is excellent. A poor Sharpe ratio is one that is less than 1.0.

#### What is a good Sortino ratio for a mutual fund?

A Sortino ratio of 2.0 is considered to be good.