Treasury Stock Method

Treasury Stock Method

What is Treasury Stock Method

Under the treasury stock method, the repurchase of shares is treated as if the company had issued new shares for cash and then immediately bought back an equal number of shares on the open market. The net effect of this transaction is that there are no changes in the number of outstanding shares or in the company’s stockholders’ equity. However, the repurchase does have an impact on earnings per share. Specifically, it reduces both the numerator (net income) and the denominator (number of shares outstanding) in the earnings per share formula. As a result, earnings per share decreases when a company repurchases its own stock.

How to calculate treasury stock method

To calculate this, you will need to know the number of shares repurchased, the average price paid for those shares, and the par value of the shares. The first step is to subtract the number of repurchased shares from the total number of outstanding shares. Then, you will need to divide the par value by the average price paid for the shares. The final step is to multiply this number by the total number of outstanding shares. This will give you the number of additional shares that would need to be repurchased in order to have a fully diluted share count. It is a useful tool for companies that are looking to buy back their own stock. It can help them to determine how many shares need to be repurchased in order to have a positive impact on earnings per share.

Advantages and disadvantages of treasury stock method

This method has both advantages and disadvantages. One advantage is that it provides a more accurate picture of the number of shares that are truly available for trading. This is because the treasury stock method takes into account the shares that have been repurchased by the company. The disadvantage of this method is that it can be complex to calculate, and it may not always provide a true picture of the company’s financial situation. For example, if a company has a lot of debt, the treasury stock method may not accurately reflect the company’s true value. Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to use the treasury stock method depends on the company’s specific needs and goals.

When to use treasury stock method

Treasury stock is a term used to describe a company’s own shares that are reinvested back into the company. It is an accounting technique that can be used to calculate the dilutive effects of treasury stock on earnings per share (EPS). Treasury stock is created when a company repurchases its own shares in the open market. These shares are then held in the company’s treasury and can be reissued at a later date. The treasury stock method assumed that all of the reacquired shares are immediately cancel and removed from the company’s issued and outstanding shares. This method also assumes that the reacquired shares are repurchased at their current market price. As a result, the treasury stock method provides a more accurate picture of a company’s true EPS.


The Treasury Stock Method is a popular tool used by businesses to estimate the value of their outstanding shares. By buying back and retiring shares, businesses can reduce the number of shares outstanding and increase their earnings per share. It can also be used to estimate the value of dilutive securities, such as options and warrants. By taking into account the dilutive effects of these securities, businesses can get a more accurate picture of their true earnings per share. While it is a useful tool, it is important to remember that it is only an estimate. In the end, the true value of a business’s shares will be determined by the market.