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Taft-Hartley Act

What is 'Taft-Hartley Act'

The Taft-Hartley Act is a federal law that was enacted in 1947 that prohibited certain union practices and required improvement in union disclosure of financial and political dealings.

Explaining 'Taft-Hartley Act'

The Taft-Hartley Act revised provisions of the Wagner Act, which was a law passed by Congress and signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on July 5, 1935. The Taft-Hartley Act gave employees the right to avoid taking part in union activities, but it also stipulated that an employer can require an employee join a union.

Six Key Amendments

Taft-Hartley outlined six unfair practices by labor unions and provided remedies, in the form of amendments, for protecting employees from harm resulting from these practices:

Changes to Elections

The Taft-Hartley Act made changes to union election rules. These changes excluded supervisors from bargaining groups and gave special treatment to certain professional employees.

Taft Hartley Act FAQ

What was the purpose of the Taft Hartley Act?

In 1947, a federal was was passed prohibiting certain union practices and requiring the disclosure of some financial and political activities by unions.

What effect did the Taft Hartley Act of 1947 have on unions?

The Taft Hartley Act prohibited certain labor union practices like discriminating against non-union members.

Why was Truman against the Taft Hartley Act?

Truman supported unions and social workers and subsequently chose to veto the act.

Was the Taft Hartley Act successful?

The act continues to be used to manage relationships between employees, employers and labor unions with important protections for all involved.

What did the Taft Hartley Act make illegal?

The Taft-Hartley Act protected the rights of labor unions to organize along with collective bargaining, but in compromise outlawed closed shops, allowing workers to refuse to join their union.

Is the Taft Hartley Act still in effect?

Yes, the Taft Hartley Act is still in effect.

When was the Taft Hartley Act repealed?

The Taft Hartley Act has not been repealed.

Further Reading


Constitutional Values and the Adjudication of Taft-Hartley Act Dues Objector Cases
heinonline.org [PDF]
Background Both the dues objector and the union majority champion legitimate interests when a conflict arises over compelled monetary support of certain union activities financed by union dues and fees. Dues objectors urge that any compulsion to pay dues to a union …

Organized labor, the environment, and the Taft-Hartley ActOrganized labor, the environment, and the Taft-Hartley Act
www.jstor.org [PDF]
Background Both the dues objector and the union majority champion legitimate interests when a conflict arises over compelled monetary support of certain union activities financed by union dues and fees. Dues objectors urge that any compulsion to pay dues to a union …

Labor Political Action and the Taft-Hartley ActLabor Political Action and the Taft-Hartley Act
heinonline.org [PDF]
Background Both the dues objector and the union majority champion legitimate interests when a conflict arises over compelled monetary support of certain union activities financed by union dues and fees. Dues objectors urge that any compulsion to pay dues to a union …

Internal affairs of unions and the Taft-Hartley ActInternal affairs of unions and the Taft-Hartley Act
journals.sagepub.com [PDF]
Background Both the dues objector and the union majority champion legitimate interests when a conflict arises over compelled monetary support of certain union activities financed by union dues and fees. Dues objectors urge that any compulsion to pay dues to a union …

Turning labor into capital: Pension funds and the corporate control of financeTurning labor into capital: Pension funds and the corporate control of finance
journals.sagepub.com [PDF]
Background Both the dues objector and the union majority champion legitimate interests when a conflict arises over compelled monetary support of certain union activities financed by union dues and fees. Dues objectors urge that any compulsion to pay dues to a union …

Financial reporting to employees: the pattern of development 1919 to 1979Financial reporting to employees: the pattern of development 1919 to 1979
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
Background Both the dues objector and the union majority champion legitimate interests when a conflict arises over compelled monetary support of certain union activities financed by union dues and fees. Dues objectors urge that any compulsion to pay dues to a union …

Public Interest Labor Disputes: An Economic and Legal Analysis Beyond the Pale of Title II of the Taft-Hartley ActPublic Interest Labor Disputes: An Economic and Legal Analysis Beyond the Pale of Title II of the Taft-Hartley Act
heinonline.org [PDF]
Background Both the dues objector and the union majority champion legitimate interests when a conflict arises over compelled monetary support of certain union activities financed by union dues and fees. Dues objectors urge that any compulsion to pay dues to a union …

An Appraisal of the Taft-Hartley ActAn Appraisal of the Taft-Hartley Act
www.jstor.org [PDF]
Background Both the dues objector and the union majority champion legitimate interests when a conflict arises over compelled monetary support of certain union activities financed by union dues and fees. Dues objectors urge that any compulsion to pay dues to a union …



Q&A About Taft-Hartley Act


How does this act protect employees from harm resulting from these practices?

This act provides remedies in form amendments for protecting employees from harm resulting from these practices. These amendments include prohibiting supervisors from bargaining groups and giving special treatment to certain professional employees.

Who introduced the bill?

Senator Robert A. Taft (R) and Representative Fred A. Hartley Jr. (R) introduced the bill in Congress on January 12, 1947.

How did it come to be enacted?

It was enacted by the 8th United States Congress over Truman's veto after he vetoed two similar bills in 1947 and 1948, respectively.

Who passed the Taft-Hartley Act?

President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the bill into law on July 5, 1935.

What is the Taft-Hartley Act?

The Taft-Hartley Act was a federal law that prohibited certain union practices and required improvement in union disclosure of financial and political dealings.

What did the original Wagner Act do?

The Wagner act gave employees rights to avoid taking part in union activities but it also stipulated that an employer can require an employee to join a union.

What are unfair labor practices according to the Taft-Hartley Act?

Six unfair labor practices were outlined by this act including discrimination against employees for not joining a union, coercion of employees to join unions, refusal by employers to bargain with unions, interference with formation or administration of employee organizations, discrimination against employees who are members of unions and other types of interference with employment relations between employers and their workers.

What action did President Harry S Truman take against this act?

He vetoed it twice before its enactment into law on June 23, 1947.

What does it amend?

It amends the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (NLRA).

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