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Safe Harbor

What is 'Safe Harbor'

Safe harbor refers to a legal provision to reduce or eliminate liability in certain situations as long as certain conditions are met. Safe harbor also refers to a shark repellent tactic used by companies who do not want to be taken over, where they purposefully acquire a heavily regulated company to make themselves look less attractive to the entity considering taking them over. The phrase "safe harbor" appears in the finance, real estate and legal industries in a number of different ways.

Explaining 'Safe Harbor'

Safe harbor can also refer to an accounting method that avoids legal or tax regulations or one that allows for a simpler method of determining a tax consequence than the methods described by the precise language of the tax code.

Safe Harbor Accounting Method to Simplify Tax Returns

Typically, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requires taxpayers to treat remodels as capitalized improvements, the value of which generally must be claimed slowly over a long period of time. However, restaurants and retailers often remodel their facilities on a regular basis to help their businesses look fresh and engaging. As a result, the IRS has allowed some restaurateurs and retailers the ability to claim these expenses as repair costs, which could all be deducted as business expenses in the year they are incurred.

Safe Harbor Provisions

Safe harbor provisions appear in a number of laws or contracts. For example, under SEC rules, safe harbor provisions protect management from liability for making financial projections and forecasts in good faith. Similarly, individuals with websites can use a safe harbor provision to protect themselves from copyright infringement cases based on comments left on their websites.

Safe Harbor Accounting Method to Sidestep Tax Regulations

To illustrate a safe harbor accounting method that helps a tax filer sidestep a tax regulation, imagine a firm is losing money and therefore cannot claim an investment credit, so it transfers the credit to a company that is profitable and can therefore claim the credit. Then the profitable company leases the asset back to the unprofitable company and passes on the tax savings.

Safe Harbor 401K Plans

Safe harbor 401K plans feature simple, alternative methods for meeting discrimination requirements. Created by the 1996 Small Business Job Protection Act, these retirement accounts were created in response to the fact that many businesses were not setting up 401Ks for their employees because the non-discrimination policies were too difficult to understand. These 401Ks give the employer safe harbor from compliance concerns by providing them with a simplified product.


Further Reading


Transferability of tax incentives and the fiction of safe harbor leasing
heinonline.org [PDF]
… Revenue Code and was enacted in title II, § 2oi(a) of the Economic Recovery Tax … 4. 3 For an evaluation of ACRS, see Auerbach, The New Economics of Accelerated Depreciation … The details of safe harbor leasing transactions are discussed in Koffey, Safe Harbor Leasing, US …

Book-Tax Conformity and the Corporate Tax Shelter Debate: Assessing the Proposed Section 475 Mark-to-Market Safe HarborBook-Tax Conformity and the Corporate Tax Shelter Debate: Assessing the Proposed Section 475 Mark-to-Market Safe Harbor
heinonline.org [PDF]
… Revenue Code and was enacted in title II, § 2oi(a) of the Economic Recovery Tax … 4. 3 For an evaluation of ACRS, see Auerbach, The New Economics of Accelerated Depreciation … The details of safe harbor leasing transactions are discussed in Koffey, Safe Harbor Leasing, US …

Do scarce precious metals equate to safe harbor investments? The case of platinum and palladiumDo scarce precious metals equate to safe harbor investments? The case of platinum and palladium
www.hindawi.com [PDF]
… Revenue Code and was enacted in title II, § 2oi(a) of the Economic Recovery Tax … 4. 3 For an evaluation of ACRS, see Auerbach, The New Economics of Accelerated Depreciation … The details of safe harbor leasing transactions are discussed in Koffey, Safe Harbor Leasing, US …

The legal foundations of financial collapseThe legal foundations of financial collapse
www.emerald.com [PDF]
… Revenue Code and was enacted in title II, § 2oi(a) of the Economic Recovery Tax … 4. 3 For an evaluation of ACRS, see Auerbach, The New Economics of Accelerated Depreciation … The details of safe harbor leasing transactions are discussed in Koffey, Safe Harbor Leasing, US …

Using economic and regulatory incentives to restore endangered species: lessons learned from three new programsUsing economic and regulatory incentives to restore endangered species: lessons learned from three new programs
conbio.onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
… Revenue Code and was enacted in title II, § 2oi(a) of the Economic Recovery Tax … 4. 3 For an evaluation of ACRS, see Auerbach, The New Economics of Accelerated Depreciation … The details of safe harbor leasing transactions are discussed in Koffey, Safe Harbor Leasing, US …

Debt financing and tax status: Tests of the substitution effect and the tax exhaustion hypothesis using firms' responses to the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981Debt financing and tax status: Tests of the substitution effect and the tax exhaustion hypothesis using firms' responses to the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981
onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
… Revenue Code and was enacted in title II, § 2oi(a) of the Economic Recovery Tax … 4. 3 For an evaluation of ACRS, see Auerbach, The New Economics of Accelerated Depreciation … The details of safe harbor leasing transactions are discussed in Koffey, Safe Harbor Leasing, US …

The impact of the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 repo 'safe harbor'provisions on investorsThe impact of the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 repo 'safe harbor'provisions on investors
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… Revenue Code and was enacted in title II, § 2oi(a) of the Economic Recovery Tax … 4. 3 For an evaluation of ACRS, see Auerbach, The New Economics of Accelerated Depreciation … The details of safe harbor leasing transactions are discussed in Koffey, Safe Harbor Leasing, US …

The bankruptcy-law safe harbor for derivatives: A path-dependence analysisThe bankruptcy-law safe harbor for derivatives: A path-dependence analysis
heinonline.org [PDF]
… Revenue Code and was enacted in title II, § 2oi(a) of the Economic Recovery Tax … 4. 3 For an evaluation of ACRS, see Auerbach, The New Economics of Accelerated Depreciation … The details of safe harbor leasing transactions are discussed in Koffey, Safe Harbor Leasing, US …

The Bankruptcy Safe Harbor in Light of Government Bailouts: Reifying the Significance of Bankruptcy as a Backstop to Financial RiskThe Bankruptcy Safe Harbor in Light of Government Bailouts: Reifying the Significance of Bankruptcy as a Backstop to Financial Risk
heinonline.org [PDF]
… Revenue Code and was enacted in title II, § 2oi(a) of the Economic Recovery Tax … 4. 3 For an evaluation of ACRS, see Auerbach, The New Economics of Accelerated Depreciation … The details of safe harbor leasing transactions are discussed in Koffey, Safe Harbor Leasing, US …

Regulating the shadow banking system <span style=[with comments and discussion]' src='/thumbnails/?img=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.jstor.org%2Fstable%2F41012848' />Regulating the shadow banking system [with comments and discussion]
www.jstor.org [[with comments and discussion]' href='https:/api.miniature.io/pdf?url=www.jstor.org%2Fstable%2F41012848'>PDF]
… Revenue Code and was enacted in title II, § 2oi(a) of the Economic Recovery Tax … 4. 3 For an evaluation of ACRS, see Auerbach, The New Economics of Accelerated Depreciation … The details of safe harbor leasing transactions are discussed in Koffey, Safe Harbor Leasing, US …



Q&A About Safe Harbor


Who developed the principles?

The US Department of Commerce developed privacy frameworks in conjunction with both the European Union and the Federal Data Protection and Information Commissioner of Switzerland.

How does this relate to Europe's Data Protection Directive?

Within the context of""

What kind of accounting method helps tax filers sidestep tax regulations?

A safe harbor accounting method helps tax filers sidestep tax regulations by allowing them to avoid reporting losses that would otherwise prevent them from claiming an investment credit.

Where do safe harbor provisions appear in laws or contracts?

Safe harbor provisions appear in SEC rules, copyright infringement cases based on comments left on websites, etc.

Where did these principles originate from?

The US Department of Commerce developed privacy frameworks in conjunction with both the European Union and the Federal Data Protection and Information Commissioner of Switzerland.

What is a safe harbor?

A safe harbor refers to a legal provision that reduces or eliminates liability in certain situations as long as certain conditions are met.

How does this tactic work for companies who do not want to be taken over?

This tactic works by making companies look less attractive for takeover attempts by purposefully acquiring heavily regulated companies (e.g., utility companies).

Why do restaurants and retailers often remodel their facilities on a regular basis?

Restaurants and retailers often remodel their facilities on a regular basis because it helps them keep their businesses looking fresh and engaging.

What is Safe Harbor?

Safe Harbor was a set of principles developed between 1998 and 2 in order to prevent private organizations within the European Union or United States which store customer data from accidentally disclosing or losing personal information.

What can restaurant owners and retailers claim for these expenses?

Restaurant owners and retailers can claim these expenses as repair costs, which could all be deducted in the year they are incurred.

How does the IRS require taxpayers to treat remodels?

The IRS requires taxpayers to treat remodels as capitalized improvements, the value of which generally must be claimed slowly over a long period of time.

Who transfers the credit to whom?

The unprofitable company transfers the credit to the profitable company so that it can claim it instead.

What is another name for this tactic used by companies who do not want to be taken over?

Shark repellent tactics

When were these principles created?

These principles were created between 1998 and 2.

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