In finance, the acid-test or quick ratio or liquidity ratio measures the ability of a company to use its near cash or quick assets to extinguish or retire its current liabilities immediately. Quick assets include those current assets that presumably can be quickly converted to cash at close to their book values. It is the ratio between quick or liquid assets and current liabilities.

The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet its short-term obligations with its most liquid assets. For this reason, the ratio excludes inventories from current assets, and is calculated as follows:

For example, consider a firm with the following current assets on its balance sheet:

1 is seen as the normal quick ratio. A company with a quick ratio less than 1 may not be able to fully pay off its current liabilities in the short term, while a company with a quick ratio higher than 1 can instantly get rid of its current liabilities.

It can be calculated in two ways: QR = (Current Assets – Inventories – Prepaids) / Current Liabilities. QR = (Cash + Cash Equivalents + Marketable Securities + Accounts Receivable) / Current Liabilities.

A company with a quick ratio of 1 means its quick assets and current assets are equal. This also means the company can pay off its current debts without selling its long-term assets. If a company has a quick ratio higher than 1, this means that it owns more quick assets than current liabilities.

The current ratio is the proportion (or quotient or fraction) of current assets amount divided by the current liabilities amount. The quick ratio (or the acid test ratio) is the proportion of 1) only the most liquid current assets to 2) the amount of current liabilities.

If the quick ratio comes out significantly less than the current ratio, this means the company relies heavily on inventory and may be sorely lacking other liquid assets.

A quick ratio of 1 or above is good. When the ratio is 1, it means a company's quick assets are equal to its current liabilities. This means the company should easily pay short-term debts. The higher the ratio, the better.

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1 is seen as the normal quick ratio. A company with a quick ratio less than 1 may not be able to fully pay off its current liabilities in the short term, while a company with a quick ratio higher than 1 can instantly get rid of its current liabilities.

It can be calculated in two ways: QR = (Current Assets – Inventories – Prepaids) / Current Liabilities. QR = (Cash + Cash Equivalents + Marketable Securities + Accounts Receivable) / Current Liabilities.

A company with a quick ratio of 1 means its quick assets and current assets are equal. This also means the company can pay off its current debts without selling its long-term assets. If a company has a quick ratio higher than 1, this means that it owns more quick assets than current liabilities.

The current ratio is the proportion (or quotient or fraction) of current assets amount divided by the current liabilities amount. The quick ratio (or the acid test ratio) is the proportion of 1) only the most liquid current assets to 2) the amount of current liabilities.

If the quick ratio comes out significantly less than the current ratio, this means the company relies heavily on inventory and may be sorely lacking other liquid assets.

A quick ratio of 1 or above is good. When the ratio is 1, it means a company's quick assets are equal to its current liabilities. This means the company should easily pay short-term debts. The higher the ratio, the better.

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