Quarter On Quarter (QOQ)

What is a ‘Quarter On Quarter – QOQ’

‘Quarter-on-quarter’ (QOQ) is a measurement technique that determines how much something has changed between one financial quarter and the preceding financial quarter. YOY is a metric that is comparable to the quarter-over-quarter (QoQ) measure, which compares the first quarter of one year (for example, the first quarter of 2005) to the same quarter the previous year (the first quarter of 2004). The metric provides investors and analysts with an indication of how a company’s growth has progressed over the course of a quarter.

Understanding a Quarter

When referring to financial or accounting concepts, a quarter (Q) is defined as a three-month period that occurs consecutively throughout the year. According to tradition, the first quarter (Q1) is comprised of the months of January, February, and March of a calendar year. Each successive three-month period corresponds to the months of Q2, Q3, and Q4, in that order.

Issues of QOQ Analysis

When it comes to assessing the health of a business, QOQ analysis may not always give a complete picture of the situation. When a particular business, such as landscapers or Christmas décor dealers, sees seasonal sales fluctuations, what appears to be a declining tendency may really be an industry standard. Similar considerations can be made in the case of a firm that generates more earnings during a peak season, which may appear as unusually high growth when comparing one quarter to the next. A corporation may opt to alter the data on a seasonal basis in order to account for natural fluctuations in business. This can aid in the production of a more realistic image over the whole year.

Quarter On Quarter (QOQ) FAQ

What is quarter on quarter and year on year?

QoQ refers to the comparison of a measure across two consecutive quarters in the same calendar year. It is necessary to compare the performance of every given quarter with the performance of the quarter immediately before it. For example, Q3-FY21 (October-November-December'20) is compared to Q2-FY21 (July-August-September'20).

What is a YOY?

Year-Over-Year (YOY) is a financial comparison that is widely used to compare two or more quantifiable events on an annually basis, such as sales and earnings. For example, in financial reports, you may read that a certain corporation stated that its revenues climbed over the third quarter on a year-over-year basis for the prior three years, on an annualized basis.

How do you annualize a quarterly growth rate?

If you are using a different number of quarters than four or one, add up all of the absolute figures for each quarter. To get the annualized values, divide the total by the number of quarters and multiply the quotient by four to get the quarterly totals. When calculating percentages, put all of the numbers together and divide by the number of quarters.

How do you calculate quarterly growth?

Dividing the current period's number by the previous period's number, and then subtracting one from the result, gives the current year, quarter, or month. The result is the same as before.

What is the difference between YTD and YOY?

There is a significant distinction between year-over-year growth and year-to-date growth in that YTD is used to compute growth from the beginning of the year, whether calendar or fiscal, through the current date. Year-over-year computations, on the other hand, can begin at any point in time. They also make a comparison between the figures from the previous year and the current year.

Further Reading