Nine Things Beginners should know about Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrency has become increasingly popular recently, with Bitcoin’s meteoric rise in 2017 as a major catalyst for its growth. While there is still a lot of confusion surrounding this digital asset regarding its fluctuating values, the fundamentals of cryptocurrency are relatively easy to understand.

In this blog post, we’ll explore everything from the history of cryptocurrency to its future potential, as well as the risks and benefits associated with investing in it.

So, whether you’re a complete beginner or just looking to expand your knowledge, read on to learn more about cryptocurrency and how it could shape the future of finance.

1. What is Cryptocurrency?

At its core, cryptocurrency is a digital asset that uses cryptography to secure transactions while controlling the creation of new units.

Cryptocurrencies are decentralized and peer-to-peer networks, unlike traditional currencies that central banks or governments back. This means that transactions can be made directly between individuals without the need for intermediaries like banks.

One of the best ways to understand cryptocurrency is to learn about the underlying technology that powers it: blockchain. Many resources are available online to learn, but one of the most effective ways to gain a deep understanding is to attend a blockchain bootcamp.

These boot camps are designed to teach you the fundamentals of blockchain technology and how it can be applied to various industries, including finance, healthcare, and more.

2. History of Cryptocurrency

The origins of cryptocurrency can be traced back to the early 2000s when computer scientist Nick Szabo developed the concept of “bit gold.” However, cryptocurrency gained traction after Bitcoin gained popularity as the future of financial transactions.

Bitcoin was created by an anonymous person (or group) named Satoshi Nakamoto, and it quickly became a popular means of payment and investment.

Since the creation of Bitcoin, several other cryptocurrencies have been developed, each with unique features and applications. Today’s most popular cryptocurrencies include Ethereum, Litecoin, and Bitcoin Cash.

3. Types of Cryptocurrency

There are many types of cryptocurrency, each with unique features and applications. Bitcoin is the most well-known cryptocurrency and is often used as a store of value and means of payment. Ethereum, on the other hand, is designed to support decentralized applications and smart contracts.

Litecoin is a faster and more scalable version of Bitcoin, while Ripple is a payment protocol designed for banks and financial institutions.

4. How to Buy Cryptocurrency

Buying cryptocurrency is relatively easy, and many platforms are available to help you get started. One of the most popular platforms is Coinbase, which allows you to buy and sell Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, and other cryptocurrencies using a bank account or credit card. Other popular platforms include Binance, Kraken, and Gemini.

Before you buy cryptocurrency, you must understand the risks involved. It is a volatile asset, and its value can fluctuate rapidly. It’s also crucial to store your cryptocurrency securely using a non-custodial cold hardware wallet.

5. How to Store Cryptocurrency

Storing cryptocurrency securely is essential to protecting your investment. There are two main types of cryptocurrency wallets: hardware wallets and software wallets. Hardware wallets are physical devices for storing cryptocurrency offline, making them more secure compared to software wallets.

Ledger Nano S and Trezor are popular examples of hardware wallets.

Software wallets are digital wallets that store your cryptocurrency online or on your computer. While they are more convenient than hardware wallets, they are also more vulnerable to hacking and other security threats.

Some popular software wallets include Exodus and MyEtherWallet.

6. Cryptocurrency Mining

Cryptocurrency mining is the process of validating transactions and creating new units of cryptocurrency. This is done by solving complex mathematical equations using specialized computer hardware. Bitcoin mining, for example, requires specialized ASIC hardware to be profitable.

Mining can be a profitable way to earn cryptocurrency, but it’s also very competitive and requires a significant investment in hardware and electricity. Mining is also very resource-intensive and has been criticized for its environmental impact.

7. Cryptocurrency Taxation

Cryptocurrency taxation can be complicated, as countries have different laws and regulations. For example, cryptocurrency is treated as property in the United States for tax purposes. Any gains or losses from cryptocurrency transactions must be reported on your tax return.

It’s essential to keep accurate records of your cryptocurrency transactions to make tax reporting easier. You should also consult a tax professional to comply with all relevant laws and regulations.

8. Risks of Cryptocurrency

While cryptocurrency can be a profitable investment, it’s essential to understand the risks involved. Cryptocurrency is a volatile asset, and its value can fluctuate rapidly. It’s also vulnerable to hacking and other security threats. In addition, cryptocurrency exchanges and other platforms can be susceptible to fraud and theft.

It’s essential to research before investing in cryptocurrency and only invest what you can afford to lose.

9. Future of Cryptocurrency

The future of cryptocurrency is still uncertain, but many experts believe that it has the potential to revolutionize the financial industry. Cryptocurrency has already disrupted how we think about money and payment systems, and it will likely continue to evolve and improve in the coming years.

Some potential cryptocurrency applications include cross-border payments, decentralized finance (DeFi), and non-fungible tokens (NFTs). As cryptocurrency becomes more mainstream, we will likely see more use cases and applications emerge.


Cryptocurrency is a fascinating and rapidly-evolving technology that has the potential to revolutionize the financial industry. While many uncertainties and risks are still involved, there are also many opportunities for profit and growth.

So, if you’re interested in investing in cryptocurrency, it’s essential to research, understand the risks involved, and take steps to protect your investment. With the right knowledge and preparation, cryptocurrency can be a valuable addition to your investment portfolio.