What is a naked call
A naked call is an options strategy in which the investor writes (sells) a call option on a security without owning the underlying security. It is also known as an uncovered call. Theoretically, a naked call is unlimited in profit potential as the stock price can rise indefinitely, while the downside is limited to the premium paid for the option. The investor’s break-even point is equal to the strike price plus the premium paid. For example, if an investor writes a call option on a stock with a strike price of $50 and receives a premium of $2 per share, their break-even point would be $52 ($50 strike price plus $2 premium).
If the stock price increases above $52, the investor will start to make a profit. If the stock price falls below $50, they will incur a loss. While writing naked calls may seem like a risk-free way to profit from rising stock prices, it is important to remember that there is always the potential for unlimited losses if the stock price falls sharply. Naked calls should only be considered by experienced investors who are comfortable with taking on high levels of risk.
Pros and cons of naked calls
Naked calls are considered high-risk because the investor has two obligations: to sell the underlying security at the strike price if the option is assigned, and to cover any increase in the price of the underlying security above the strike price if it rises.
The potential rewards of writing a naked call are limited to the premium received from selling the option. If the underlying security’s price falls below the strike price, then the option expires worthless and the investor keeps the entire premium.
On the other hand, if the underlying security’s price rises above the strike price, then the investor may be assigned on the option and will be obligated to sell it at that price, resulting in a loss. In addition, if the underlying security’s price exceeds the strike price plus premium collected, then the losses can be substantial.
Overall, writing naked calls is a speculative strategy with limited upside and significant downside risk. Investors should only consider this strategy if they’re comfortable with these risks and have a thorough understanding of options trading.
When to use a naked call
It can be used to speculate on the price of the underlying asset going down or to hedge against downside risk in an existing portfolio. For example, if you owned shares of XYZ stock and were worried about a market decline, you could sell a naked call to offset some of the potential losses. The key thing to remember with a naked call is that you are exposed to unlimited downside risk if the price of the underlying asset goes up. Therefore, it’s important to only use this strategy when you are confident that the price will not go up or when you are willing to take on that risk.
How to manage risk when trading naked calls
When it comes to trading naked calls, the key is managing risk. First and foremost, you need to make sure that you pick a stock that is not going to fall too sharply in price. If the stock does fall sharply, you could be looking at some serious losses. As such, it’s important to do your research and only trade stocks that are stable. Additionally, you should always set a stop-loss order when trading naked calls. This will help to limit your losses if the stock does start to fall. Finally, it’s important to remember that naked call trading is a risky strategy. As such, you should only use it sparingly and only with money that you can afford to lose. By following these tips, you can help to manage the risk involved in trading naked calls.
The bottom line
When it comes to trading naked call options, there are a few things you need to know. First, you are essentially betting that the price of the underlying asset will not increase beyond the strike price before the option expires. If it does, you will be assigned the shares and will be obligated to purchase them at the strike price. Second, naked call options are generally only recommended for experienced traders with a high tolerance for risk. This is because there is unlimited downside potential if the price of the underlying asset increases significantly. Finally, you should always do your homework before entering into any trade, and make sure you understand all the risks involved. With that said, naked call options can be a lucrative way to trade if used correctly.