BROWSE

Large Trader

What is 'Large Trader'

An investor or organization with trades that are equal to or in excess of certain amounts as specified by the United States Securities And Exchange Commission (SEC). A large trader is defined by the SEC as "a person whose transactions in NMS securities equal or exceed 2 million shares or $20 million during any calendar day, or 20 million shares or $200 million during any calendar month." Any market participant who is, by definition, a large trader must identify himself or herself to the SEC and submit Form 13H, "Large Trader Registration: Information Required of Large Traders Pursuant To Section 13(h) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rules Thereunder."

Explaining 'Large Trader'

As of 2011, the SEC requires that all traders who execute a substantial amount of trading activity, as measured by volume or market value, identify themselves to the SEC by registering with the SEC through Form 13H. The SEC assigns each large trade an identification number, and collects information and analyzes each large trader's trading activity. In addition, certain registered broker-dealers are required to adhere to SEC rules regarding recordkeeping, reporting and monitoring of large traders who execute transactions through the broker-dealer.

The SEC initiated large trader reporting in response to the development of trading technology that enables trading in substantial volumes and fast execution speeds. In addition, the SEC cited the rising prominence of large traders and high-frequency traders (HFTs) in the markets and the need to have improved access to their trading activity.

Large trader reporting is intended to help the SEC identify individuals engaged in significant market activity in order to analyze their market activity and determine the impact of their trading activity.

Large traders must submit an "Initial Filing" through Form 13H and an "Annual Filing" for each applicable calendar year. A previously identified large trader who has not conducted the identifying amount of trading activity as measured by volume or market value may file for an Inactive Status, and can remain inactive and exempt from the filing requirements until the large trader trading level is made again.


Further Reading


Hedging and portfolio optimization in financial markets with a large trader
onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
We introduce a general continuous‐time model for an illiquid financial market where the trades of a single large investor can move market prices. The model is specified in terms of parameter‐dependent semimartingales, and its mathematical analysis relies on the …

Bubbles, food prices, and speculation: evidence from the CFTC's daily large trader data filesBubbles, food prices, and speculation: evidence from the CFTC's daily large trader data files
www.nber.org [PDF]
We introduce a general continuous‐time model for an illiquid financial market where the trades of a single large investor can move market prices. The model is specified in terms of parameter‐dependent semimartingales, and its mathematical analysis relies on the …

Consecutive earnings surprises: Small and large trader reactionsConsecutive earnings surprises: Small and large trader reactions
meridian.allenpress.com [PDF]
We introduce a general continuous‐time model for an illiquid financial market where the trades of a single large investor can move market prices. The model is specified in terms of parameter‐dependent semimartingales, and its mathematical analysis relies on the …

Big elephants in small ponds: Do large traders make financial markets more aggressive?Big elephants in small ponds: Do large traders make financial markets more aggressive?
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
We introduce a general continuous‐time model for an illiquid financial market where the trades of a single large investor can move market prices. The model is specified in terms of parameter‐dependent semimartingales, and its mathematical analysis relies on the …

Does one Soros make a difference? A theory of currency crises with large and small tradersDoes one Soros make a difference? A theory of currency crises with large and small traders
academic.oup.com [PDF]
We introduce a general continuous‐time model for an illiquid financial market where the trades of a single large investor can move market prices. The model is specified in terms of parameter‐dependent semimartingales, and its mathematical analysis relies on the …

Perfect option hedging for a large traderPerfect option hedging for a large trader
link.springer.com [PDF]
We introduce a general continuous‐time model for an illiquid financial market where the trades of a single large investor can move market prices. The model is specified in terms of parameter‐dependent semimartingales, and its mathematical analysis relies on the …

Small and large trader behavior: Reactions to information in financial markets.Small and large trader behavior: Reactions to information in financial markets.
elibrary.ru [PDF]
We introduce a general continuous‐time model for an illiquid financial market where the trades of a single large investor can move market prices. The model is specified in terms of parameter‐dependent semimartingales, and its mathematical analysis relies on the …

Sequential warrant exercise in large trader economiesSequential warrant exercise in large trader economies
papers.ssrn.com [PDF]
We introduce a general continuous‐time model for an illiquid financial market where the trades of a single large investor can move market prices. The model is specified in terms of parameter‐dependent semimartingales, and its mathematical analysis relies on the …

Financial markets with a large traderFinancial markets with a large trader
projecteuclid.org [PDF]
We introduce a general continuous‐time model for an illiquid financial market where the trades of a single large investor can move market prices. The model is specified in terms of parameter‐dependent semimartingales, and its mathematical analysis relies on the …

The price impact of index funds in commodity futures markets: evidence from the CFTC's daily large trader reporting systemThe price impact of index funds in commodity futures markets: evidence from the CFTC's daily large trader reporting system
ageconsearch.umn.edu [PDF]
We introduce a general continuous‐time model for an illiquid financial market where the trades of a single large investor can move market prices. The model is specified in terms of parameter‐dependent semimartingales, and its mathematical analysis relies on the …



FAQ


What is the SEC?

The Securities and Exchange Commission.

Who uses the information gathered from the Electronic Blue Sheets system?

The SEC uses the information gathered from the Electronic Blue Sheets system to analyze trading volatility and determine if large traders are breaking any securities laws.

What is insider trading?

Insider trading is when someone trades a security based on confidential knowledge of material non-public information about that security.

How does one break insider trading laws?

One breaks insider trading laws by using confidential knowledge of material non-public information about a security to trade that security.

When does one break insider trading laws?

One breaks insider trading laws when they use confidential knowledge of material non-public information about a security to trade that security.

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