What is ‘Hardening’

1. A term used to describe a price of commodity or futures contracts that is gradually stabilizing.

2. A futures market that is slowly advancing in prices.

Explaining ‘Hardening’

1. After a rise or fall in prices, a slow return to historically accepted levels is considered a hardening.

2. The prices of future contracts are considered to be hardening if they are increasing slowly, unlike a bulge market, in which the prices rise sharply.

Further Reading

  • The global financial crisis and the financial stability board: Hardening the soft law of international financial regulation – heinonline.org [PDF]
  • The Evolution of the EU Law against Criminal Finance: The Hardening of FATF Standard within the EU – heinonline.org [PDF]
  • The European Union as hardening agent: soft law and the diffusion of global financial regulation – www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
  • Microstructure, indentation and work hardening of Cu/Ag multilayers – www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
  • Hardening Budget Constraints: A Cross-National Study of Fiscal Sustainability and Subnational Debt – www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
  • Hardening of the budget constraint under the postsocialist system – www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
  • Strain hardening behaviour and the Taylor factor of pure magnesium – www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
  • Exploring visitor acceptability for hardening trails to sustain visitation and minimise impacts – www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
  • Back stress strengthening and strain hardening in gradient structure – www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
  • Perspective on hetero-deformation induced (HDI) hardening and back stress – www.tandfonline.com [PDF]