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Hard Loan

What is 'Hard Loan'

A foreign loan that must be paid in the currency of a nation that has stability and a reputation abroad for economic strength (a hard currency).

Explaining 'Hard Loan'

For example, a loan agreement between a Brazilian company and an Argentinean company where the debt is to be paid in U.S. dollars.


Further Reading


Information: Hard and soft
academic.oup.com [PDF]
… not the target of the decisions (eg a loan applicant) … The market does converting this soft information into the hard … Diamond, Douglas W., 1991, Monitoring and reputation: The choice between bank loans and directly placed debt, Journal of Political Economy 99, 689-721 …

Loan officer incentives and the limits of hard informationLoan officer incentives and the limits of hard information
www.nber.org [PDF]
… not the target of the decisions (eg a loan applicant) … The market does converting this soft information into the hard … Diamond, Douglas W., 1991, Monitoring and reputation: The choice between bank loans and directly placed debt, Journal of Political Economy 99, 689-721 …

Korea's search for a global role between hard economic interests and soft powerKorea's search for a global role between hard economic interests and soft power
link.springer.com [PDF]
… not the target of the decisions (eg a loan applicant) … The market does converting this soft information into the hard … Diamond, Douglas W., 1991, Monitoring and reputation: The choice between bank loans and directly placed debt, Journal of Political Economy 99, 689-721 …

Micro-finance evangelism,'destitute women', and the hard selling of a new anti-poverty formulaMicro-finance evangelism,'destitute women', and the hard selling of a new anti-poverty formula
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… not the target of the decisions (eg a loan applicant) … The market does converting this soft information into the hard … Diamond, Douglas W., 1991, Monitoring and reputation: The choice between bank loans and directly placed debt, Journal of Political Economy 99, 689-721 …

Graduate employability,'soft skills' versus 'hard'business knowledge: A European studyGraduate employability,'soft skills' versus 'hard'business knowledge: A European study
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… not the target of the decisions (eg a loan applicant) … The market does converting this soft information into the hard … Diamond, Douglas W., 1991, Monitoring and reputation: The choice between bank loans and directly placed debt, Journal of Political Economy 99, 689-721 …

Soft capitalism and a hard industry: Virtualism, the 'transition industry'and the restructuring of the Ukrainian coal industrySoft capitalism and a hard industry: Virtualism, the 'transition industry'and the restructuring of the Ukrainian coal industry
rgs-ibg.onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
… not the target of the decisions (eg a loan applicant) … The market does converting this soft information into the hard … Diamond, Douglas W., 1991, Monitoring and reputation: The choice between bank loans and directly placed debt, Journal of Political Economy 99, 689-721 …

Between a rock and a hard place: Organizational change and performance under conditions of fundamental environmental transformationBetween a rock and a hard place: Organizational change and performance under conditions of fundamental environmental transformation
www.jstor.org [PDF]
… not the target of the decisions (eg a loan applicant) … The market does converting this soft information into the hard … Diamond, Douglas W., 1991, Monitoring and reputation: The choice between bank loans and directly placed debt, Journal of Political Economy 99, 689-721 …

Loan origination under soft-and hard-information lendingLoan origination under soft-and hard-information lending
www.econstor.eu [PDF]
… not the target of the decisions (eg a loan applicant) … The market does converting this soft information into the hard … Diamond, Douglas W., 1991, Monitoring and reputation: The choice between bank loans and directly placed debt, Journal of Political Economy 99, 689-721 …


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