What is ‘Geographical Labor Mobility’
Geographical labor mobility refers to the level of freedom that workers have to relocate in order to find gainful employment that reflects their training and occupational interests. The European Union (EU) is most active in trying to increase its geographic labor mobility by helping qualified workers easily cross state and national boundaries to find “best fit” employment, so that it can ensure individual, corporate and national economic growth. North Americans, on the other hand, traditionally enjoy a high level of geographical labor mobility within their own country, but the immigration debate, the war on drugs and post-9/11 border restrictions have decreased labor mobility across national borders.
Explaining ‘Geographical Labor Mobility’
Geographic labor mobility is used to qualitatively measure the ability for workers within an economy to move in order to find new or better employment. Increasing the potential geographic mobility of a labor force helps accelerate the economic growth of a nation or other organization. Governments focus on increasing geographic labor mobility by providing better transportation options, helping raise the standards of living, and advancing government policies that help with mobility within an economy.
Determinants of Geographic Labor Mobility
Root factors such as transportation options, standards of living, and other government-related policies are the main determinants in fluidity of geographic labor mobility. At the economic level, these determinants are specific to a region’s size, distance and aggregate job opportunities. At the personal level, these determinants are specific to personal circumstances, such as family situations, housing issues, local infrastructure and individual education.
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