BROWSE

Fallen Angel

What is a 'Fallen Angel'

A fallen angel is a bond that was given an investment-grade rating but has since been reduced to junk bond status due to the weakening financial condition of the issuer. It is also a stock that has fallen substantially from its all-time highs. There is a fine line between fallen angel bonds and value stocks, which have the potential to recover from short-term challenges, and those that are headed straight toward bankruptcy.

Explaining 'Fallen Angel'

Fallen angel bonds, which can be corporate, municipal or sovereign debt, have been downgraded by a rating service such as Standard & Poor’s, Fitch or Moody’s Investors Service. The primary reason for downgrades is a decline in revenues, which jeopardizes issuers’ capabilities of servicing debt. When declining revenues are combined with expanding debt levels, the potential for a downgrade increases dramatically.

Examples of Fallen Angels

For example, an oil company that has reported sustained losses over several quarters due to falling oil prices may see its investment-grade bonds downgraded to junk status due to increasing risk of default. As a result of the downgrade, the prices of the company’s bonds decline and yields increase, making the debt attractive to contrarian investors who see low oil prices as a temporary condition.


Further Reading


Fallen angels and price pressure
jfi.pm-research.com [PDF]
… Bank Exposure Fallen Angel % of Tier 1 PNC Bank 2,663 7.34% US Bancorp 2,838 6.80% Comerica Inc 288 4.16% Zions Bancorp 176 2.81 … Fargo & Co 1,547 0.97% JP Morgan 1,184 0.55% Total 15,147 3.08% Table 4: US banks' exposure to fallen (energy) angels …

Forced selling of fallen angelsForced selling of fallen angels
jfi.pm-research.com [PDF]
… Bank Exposure Fallen Angel % of Tier 1 PNC Bank 2,663 7.34% US Bancorp 2,838 6.80% Comerica Inc 288 4.16% Zions Bancorp 176 2.81 … Fargo & Co 1,547 0.97% JP Morgan 1,184 0.55% Total 15,147 3.08% Table 4: US banks' exposure to fallen (energy) angels …

Business angel investment activity in the financial crisis: UK evidence and policy implicationsBusiness angel investment activity in the financial crisis: UK evidence and policy implications
journals.sagepub.com [PDF]
… Bank Exposure Fallen Angel % of Tier 1 PNC Bank 2,663 7.34% US Bancorp 2,838 6.80% Comerica Inc 288 4.16% Zions Bancorp 176 2.81 … Fargo & Co 1,547 0.97% JP Morgan 1,184 0.55% Total 15,147 3.08% Table 4: US banks' exposure to fallen (energy) angels …

Effect of being a fallen angel on bond ratings and yieldsEffect of being a fallen angel on bond ratings and yields
jot.pm-research.com [PDF]
… Bank Exposure Fallen Angel % of Tier 1 PNC Bank 2,663 7.34% US Bancorp 2,838 6.80% Comerica Inc 288 4.16% Zions Bancorp 176 2.81 … Fargo & Co 1,547 0.97% JP Morgan 1,184 0.55% Total 15,147 3.08% Table 4: US banks' exposure to fallen (energy) angels …

High-Yield (Junk) Bonds as Investments and as Financial ToolsHigh-Yield (Junk) Bonds as Investments and as Financial Tools
heinonline.org [PDF]
… Bank Exposure Fallen Angel % of Tier 1 PNC Bank 2,663 7.34% US Bancorp 2,838 6.80% Comerica Inc 288 4.16% Zions Bancorp 176 2.81 … Fargo & Co 1,547 0.97% JP Morgan 1,184 0.55% Total 15,147 3.08% Table 4: US banks' exposure to fallen (energy) angels …

The Impact of Fallen Angels on Investment Grade Corporate Bonds Portfolios: Evidence from the European MarketThe Impact of Fallen Angels on Investment Grade Corporate Bonds Portfolios: Evidence from the European Market
onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
… Bank Exposure Fallen Angel % of Tier 1 PNC Bank 2,663 7.34% US Bancorp 2,838 6.80% Comerica Inc 288 4.16% Zions Bancorp 176 2.81 … Fargo & Co 1,547 0.97% JP Morgan 1,184 0.55% Total 15,147 3.08% Table 4: US banks' exposure to fallen (energy) angels …

How are the mighty fallen: Rejected classic articles by leading economistsHow are the mighty fallen: Rejected classic articles by leading economists
www.aeaweb.org [PDF]
… Bank Exposure Fallen Angel % of Tier 1 PNC Bank 2,663 7.34% US Bancorp 2,838 6.80% Comerica Inc 288 4.16% Zions Bancorp 176 2.81 … Fargo & Co 1,547 0.97% JP Morgan 1,184 0.55% Total 15,147 3.08% Table 4: US banks' exposure to fallen (energy) angels …


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