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Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, Depletion, Amortization and Exploration Expenses (EBITDAX)

What is 'Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, Depletion, Amortization and Exploration Expenses - EBITDAX'

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, depletion, amortization and exploration expenses (EBITDAX) is an indicator of a company's financial performance calculated as:

Explaining 'Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, Depletion, Amortization and Exploration Expenses - EBITDAX'

EBITDAX is used when reporting earnings for oil and mineral exploration companies. It excludes costly exploration expenses and gives the true EBITDA of the firm.

Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, Depletion, Amortization And Exploration Expenses (ebitdax) FAQ

Is Depreciation and amortization included in operating income?

Operating income includes overhead and operating expenses, and also depreciation and amortization. However, operating income excludes interest on debt and tax expense. With EBITDA, non-cash items like depreciation, taxes, and capital structure are stripped from the EBITDA equation.

Why do we look at earnings before depreciation and amortization?

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) adds depreciation and amortization expenses back into a company's operating profit. EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure and can purposely be used to hide a company's real profit performance.

What is DD&A?

Depreciation, depletion, and amortization (DD&A) is an accounting technique enabling companies to gradually expense various different resources of economic value over time to match costs to revenues.

What is full cost accounting method?

The full-cost method is an accounting system used by companies that incur exploration costs for oil and natural gas that does not differentiate between operating expenses associated with successful and unsuccessful exploration projects.

Is it good to have a high Ebitda?

The higher a company's EBITDA margin is, the lower its operating expenses are in relation to total revenue. Therefore, a good EBITDA margin is a relatively high number in comparison with its peers.

Is Ebitda higher than net income?

EBITDA Indicates the profit of the company before paying the expenses, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. On the other hand, net income indicates the total earnings of the company after paying the expenses, taxes, depreciation, and amortization.

Further Reading


Oil and gas company valuations
www.bvreview.org [PDF]
… This is in contrast to profit margins and growth … General Framework for Calculating Comparable Earnings Before Income Tax, Depreciation, Depletion, Amortization, and Exploration Costs (EBITDAX … flow (DCF) model for the subject company's reserves, on a pre-income tax basis …

Value drivers in oil companies: an application of variance based structure equation modelValue drivers in oil companies: an application of variance based structure equation model
www.cmr-journal.org [PDF]
… This is in contrast to profit margins and growth … General Framework for Calculating Comparable Earnings Before Income Tax, Depreciation, Depletion, Amortization, and Exploration Costs (EBITDAX … flow (DCF) model for the subject company's reserves, on a pre-income tax basis …

Business valuation in oil&Gas industry: New challengesBusiness valuation in oil&Gas industry: New challenges
ieeexplore.ieee.org [PDF]
… This is in contrast to profit margins and growth … General Framework for Calculating Comparable Earnings Before Income Tax, Depreciation, Depletion, Amortization, and Exploration Costs (EBITDAX … flow (DCF) model for the subject company's reserves, on a pre-income tax basis …

Exploring Valuation Differences Between Upstream and Midstream Sectors of the US Oil and Gas IndustryExploring Valuation Differences Between Upstream and Midstream Sectors of the US Oil and Gas Industry
repository.tcu.edu [PDF]
… This is in contrast to profit margins and growth … General Framework for Calculating Comparable Earnings Before Income Tax, Depreciation, Depletion, Amortization, and Exploration Costs (EBITDAX … flow (DCF) model for the subject company's reserves, on a pre-income tax basis …

Valuation of exploration & production companiesValuation of exploration & production companies
search.proquest.com [PDF]
… This is in contrast to profit margins and growth … General Framework for Calculating Comparable Earnings Before Income Tax, Depreciation, Depletion, Amortization, and Exploration Costs (EBITDAX … flow (DCF) model for the subject company's reserves, on a pre-income tax basis …

Market-based ValuationMarket-based Valuation
books.google.com [PDF]
… This is in contrast to profit margins and growth … General Framework for Calculating Comparable Earnings Before Income Tax, Depreciation, Depletion, Amortization, and Exploration Costs (EBITDAX … flow (DCF) model for the subject company's reserves, on a pre-income tax basis …


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