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Kyoto Protocol

Definition

The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty which extends the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, based on the scientific consensus that global warming is occurring and it is extremely likely that human-made CO2 emissions have predominantly caused it. The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan on 11 December 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005. There are currently 192 parties to the Protocol.

Kyoto Protocol

What is 'Kyoto Protocol'

An international agreement that aims to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and the presence of greenhouse gases. Countries that ratify the Kyoto Protocol are assigned maximum carbon emission levels and can participate in carbon credit trading. Emitting more than the assigned limit will result in a penalty for the violating country in the form of a lower emission limit in the following period.

Explaining 'Kyoto Protocol'

The Kyoto Protocol separates countries into two groups. Annex I includes developed nations, while Non-Annex I refers to developing countries. Emission limitations are only placed on Annex I countries. Non-Annex I nations participate by investing in projects that lower emissions in their own countries. For these projects, they earn carbon credits. These credits can be traded or sold to Annex I countries, which allow them a higher level of maximum carbon emissions for that period.


Further Reading

Kyoto protocol implementation in Serbia as precognition of sustainable energetic and economic developmentKyoto protocol implementation in Serbia as precognition of sustainable energetic and economic development
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… the continued growth of energy consumption in spite of the Kyoto Protocol and other … of interest in other ministries responsible for agriculture, capital investments, economics and finance … there is a discrepancy between the Government's Strategy of Economic Development and …

Latin American forest plantations: opportunities for carbon sequestration, economic development, and financial returnsLatin American forest plantations: opportunities for carbon sequestration, economic development, and financial returns
academic.oup.com [PDF]
… the continued growth of energy consumption in spite of the Kyoto Protocol and other … of interest in other ministries responsible for agriculture, capital investments, economics and finance … there is a discrepancy between the Government's Strategy of Economic Development and …

Maximizing financial support for biodiversity in the emerging Kyoto protocol marketsMaximizing financial support for biodiversity in the emerging Kyoto protocol markets
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… the continued growth of energy consumption in spite of the Kyoto Protocol and other … of interest in other ministries responsible for agriculture, capital investments, economics and finance … there is a discrepancy between the Government's Strategy of Economic Development and …

Compliance of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol in the first commitment periodCompliance of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol in the first commitment period
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… the continued growth of energy consumption in spite of the Kyoto Protocol and other … of interest in other ministries responsible for agriculture, capital investments, economics and finance … there is a discrepancy between the Government's Strategy of Economic Development and …

Fulfilling the Kyoto protocol in Spain: A matter of economic crisis or environmental policies?Fulfilling the Kyoto protocol in Spain: A matter of economic crisis or environmental policies?
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… the continued growth of energy consumption in spite of the Kyoto Protocol and other … of interest in other ministries responsible for agriculture, capital investments, economics and finance … there is a discrepancy between the Government's Strategy of Economic Development and …

Developing countries and the future of the Kyoto ProtocolDeveloping countries and the future of the Kyoto Protocol
www.tandfonline.com [PDF]
… the continued growth of energy consumption in spite of the Kyoto Protocol and other … of interest in other ministries responsible for agriculture, capital investments, economics and finance … there is a discrepancy between the Government's Strategy of Economic Development and …

The Kyoto Protocol and developing countriesThe Kyoto Protocol and developing countries
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… the continued growth of energy consumption in spite of the Kyoto Protocol and other … of interest in other ministries responsible for agriculture, capital investments, economics and finance … there is a discrepancy between the Government's Strategy of Economic Development and …


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Section 508

WCAG 2.0

Section 508