A layoff is the temporary suspension or permanent termination of employment of an employee or, more commonly, a group of employees for business reasons, such as personnel management or downsizing an organization. Originally, layoff referred exclusively to a temporary interruption in work, or employment but this has evolved to a permanent elimination of a position in both British and US English, requiring the addition of “temporary” to specify the original meaning of the word. A layoff is not to be confused with wrongful termination. Laid off workers or displaced workers are workers who have lost or left their jobs because their employer has closed or moved, there was insufficient work for them to do, or their position or shift was abolished. Downsizing in a company is defined to involve the reduction of employees in a workforce.
What is ‘Layoff’
1. When a company eliminates jobs regardless of how good the employees’ performance.
2. A risk reduction, made by investment bankers, that minimizes the potential downside associated with a commitment to purchase and sell a stock issue unsubscribed by stockholders holding rights.
1. This is usually because the company is facing financial difficulties.
2. This is a method whereby an investment banking firm, who has committed to buying up all the unsubscribed shares during a rights offering, will reduce the time risk involved due to the difference between entering into the contract and selling the shares. In other words, they are hedging against any losses due to time.
- Layoffs, stock price, and financial condition of the firm – search.proquest.com [PDF]
- Layoff announcements and stockholder wealth – journals.aom.org [PDF]
- Determinants of layoff announcements following M&As: An empirical investigation – onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
- Layoff announcements: Stock market impact and financial performance – www.jstor.org [PDF]
- Age discrimination in layoffs: Factors of injustice – link.springer.com [PDF]
- Evaluating the characteristics of corporate boards associated with layoff decisions – onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
- The market crash and mass layoffs: How the current economic crisis may affect retirement – www.degruyter.com [PDF]
- On the estimation of stock-market reaction to corporate layoff announcements – www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
- Layoffs, shareholders' wealth, and corporate performance – www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
- Layoffs, top executive pay, and firm performance – www.jstor.org [PDF]