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Earmarking

What is 'Earmarking'

Earmaking consists of funds (or capital) that are set aside to pay for a specific project or event. In some cases, the term is also synonymous with the word "flagged", or "marked", especially when used in certain congressional settings.

Explaining 'Earmarking'

Major financial institutions, as well as state or federal governments, will often earmark funds received from bond issuances to pay for certain projects. For example, a state may issue municipal bonds, and then earmark the funds received from the bonds' sales to pay for a project such as a new road or bridge.

When used in a congressional setting, the term is often used to refer to specific legislation. For example, a bill might be earmarked for a vote. It may also be earmarked for a presidential veto.


Further Reading


The earmarking of government revenue: a review of some World Bank experience
academic.oup.com [PDF]
… Only in Ghana has earmark- ing had some success … Generally, officials in agencies receiving earmarked funds support ear- marking arrangements; often such arrangements cut through red tape, allow more timely receipt of … Otherwise, earmarking creates a new inefficiency to …

Knowing when to spend: Unintended financial consequences of earmarking to encourage savingsKnowing when to spend: Unintended financial consequences of earmarking to encourage savings
journals.sagepub.com [PDF]
… Only in Ghana has earmark- ing had some success … Generally, officials in agencies receiving earmarked funds support ear- marking arrangements; often such arrangements cut through red tape, allow more timely receipt of … Otherwise, earmarking creates a new inefficiency to …

General Fund Financing, Earmarking, Economic Stabilization, and WelfareGeneral Fund Financing, Earmarking, Economic Stabilization, and Welfare
journals.sagepub.com [PDF]
… Only in Ghana has earmark- ing had some success … Generally, officials in agencies receiving earmarked funds support ear- marking arrangements; often such arrangements cut through red tape, allow more timely receipt of … Otherwise, earmarking creates a new inefficiency to …

Tax-earmarking and separate school financingTax-earmarking and separate school financing
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… Only in Ghana has earmark- ing had some success … Generally, officials in agencies receiving earmarked funds support ear- marking arrangements; often such arrangements cut through red tape, allow more timely receipt of … Otherwise, earmarking creates a new inefficiency to …

Road taxes, road user charges and earmarkingRoad taxes, road user charges and earmarking
onlinelibrary.wiley.com [PDF]
… Only in Ghana has earmark- ing had some success … Generally, officials in agencies receiving earmarked funds support ear- marking arrangements; often such arrangements cut through red tape, allow more timely receipt of … Otherwise, earmarking creates a new inefficiency to …

Earmarking and decentralizationEarmarking and decentralization
www.jstor.org [PDF]
… Only in Ghana has earmark- ing had some success … Generally, officials in agencies receiving earmarked funds support ear- marking arrangements; often such arrangements cut through red tape, allow more timely receipt of … Otherwise, earmarking creates a new inefficiency to …

A theory of earmarking appraisedA theory of earmarking appraised
www.jstor.org [PDF]
… Only in Ghana has earmark- ing had some success … Generally, officials in agencies receiving earmarked funds support ear- marking arrangements; often such arrangements cut through red tape, allow more timely receipt of … Otherwise, earmarking creates a new inefficiency to …

Budgetary earmarking and the control of the extravagant woman in Australia, 1850–1920Budgetary earmarking and the control of the extravagant woman in Australia, 1850–1920
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… Only in Ghana has earmark- ing had some success … Generally, officials in agencies receiving earmarked funds support ear- marking arrangements; often such arrangements cut through red tape, allow more timely receipt of … Otherwise, earmarking creates a new inefficiency to …

A choice experiment on fuel taxation and earmarking in NorwayA choice experiment on fuel taxation and earmarking in Norway
www.sciencedirect.com [PDF]
… Only in Ghana has earmark- ing had some success … Generally, officials in agencies receiving earmarked funds support ear- marking arrangements; often such arrangements cut through red tape, allow more timely receipt of … Otherwise, earmarking creates a new inefficiency to …


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