The former British colony is strategically located next to strife-torn Venezuela, a major Chinese ally with which Guyana has a bitter territorial dispute.
Taiwan’s Foreign Ministry said it had signed an agreement with Guyana’s government on Jan. 11 to open a Taiwan Office, in effect a de facto embassy for the island that China claims as its sovereign territory with no right to diplomatic ties.
The ministry said the office had begun initial operations on Jan. 15, noting that Guyana was a country with rich mining and oil resources and its capital Georgetown was the seat of the secretariat for the Caribbean Community, or CARICOM.
Guyana has traditionally had close ties with China.
Foreign Minister Hugh Todd said what is being set up is a trade and investment office in Georgetown to “create space” for the private sector in Taiwan and Guyana to do business.
“Guyana is not recognising Taiwan as an independent state. Guyana is not establishing diplomatic relations with Taipei,” he said.
The U.S. embassy in Guyana said it applauded the agreement.
“Deepening ties between Guyana and Taiwan will advance their shared goals of prosperity and security,” it said in a statement.
“Closer ties with Taiwan will advance cooperation and development in Guyana on the basis of shared democratic values, transparency, and mutual respect.”
Taiwan only has formal diplomatic relations with 14 countries, with Paraguay its sole remaining ally in South America.
The United States has been angered by China slowly taking away Taiwan’s support in the region.
In 2018, the United States attacked El Salvador’s decision to ditch diplomatic ties with Taiwan in favour of China, saying the change was of grave concern to Washington and warning that China was offering economic inducements to seek domination. Reporting by Ben Blanchard and Neil Marks in Georgetown, Guyana; Editing by Michael Perry