The world's biggest movie festival, along with rival showcases in the likes of Venice, has long come under scrutiny over the low number of women directors in the running for top awards or in positions of influence.
At the Cannes extravaganza, set to kick off on Tuesday with the premiere of Leos Carax's musical "Annette", U.S. director Spike Lee will head up the jury that picks the winner of the top Palme D'Or award, the first Black person to do so.
Five women will make up the nine-strong panel, however - Laurent, U.S. actress Maggie Gyllenhaal, film directors Jessica Hausner and Mati Diop and singer Mylene Farmer.
"My dream would be for this to be the first and last festival where there is a debate about women," Laurent told a news conference on the French Riviera, flanked by jury members wearing face masks amid tight COVID-19 controls.
Diop, whose debut feature "Atlantics" won a top award at Cannes in 2019, said she also hoped the cinema world would one day be free of such distinctions.
"I don't know if in our lifetime we'll get to the stage when we'll no longer have to put 'woman' before 'director'," Diop said.
Only four films directed by women were picked among the 24 vying for the Palme d'Or this year, although the number of female directors present in other parallel events and competitions has increased, organisers said.
"This is mirroring that our society is now ready for a certain change that should have happened earlier," said Austrian director Hausner, whose "Little Joe" feature film was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or in 2019.
Gyllenhaal, known for her roles in "Sherrybaby" and "Crazy Heart", said the female gaze mattered in films and other artforms.
"(There's an) extra little muscle you have to exercise to turn it into something that as a woman I could relate to," Gyllenhaal said of movies with male leads or female characters expressed by a male director. Reporting by Sarah White and Michaela Cabrera; Editing by Nick Macfie