Here’s a timeline of how the events unfolded in recent years.
July 2017 - Australia’s competition regulator recommended a voluntary code in its Digital Platforms Inquiry to address bargaining power imbalances between major digital platforms - Google and Facebook - and media businesses.
Dec 2017 - The watchdog -- Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) -- said it would investigate whether U.S. online giants Facebook and Alphabet Inc’s Google have disrupted the news media market to the detriment of publishers and consumers.
July 2019 - Australia said it would establish the world’s first dedicated office to police Facebook and Google as part of reforms to rein in the technology giants.
Dec 2019 - The government directed the ACCC to work with news and digital platform businesses to develop a voluntary code.
April 2020 - The government directed the ACCC to draft a mandatory code after the regulator advised that the businesses were unlikely to reach voluntary agreement and COVID-19 exacerbated the pressures faced by Australia media.
July 2020 - The ACCC released draft legislation.
July 2020 - Treasurer Josh Frydenberg says the country would force Facebook and Google to pay Australian media outlets for news content.
Aug 2020 - Google criticised proposed Australian antitrust laws saying its free search service would be “at risk” and users’ personal data could be shared if it is made to pay news organisations for their content.
Sept 2020 - Facebook said it would stop Australians sharing news content on its platforms if a proposal to make it pay local media outlets for their content becomes law.
Dec 2020 - The News Media Bargaining Bill 2020 was introduced to Parliament to force major digital platforms to pay Australian media companies for use of news content.
Jan 2021 - Google threatened to withdraw its search engine from Australia, calling the proposed law unworkable.
Jan 2021 - Treasurer Josh Frydenberg said Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg had “reached out to talk about the code and the impact on Facebook” and a constructive discussion followed, but the government would proceed with the law.
Feb 2021 - Software giant Microsoft Corp said it fully supported proposed news media laws in Australia. Microsoft is not subject to the legislation.
Feb 2021 - Google strikes deals with media companies including NewsCorp to pay for journalism.
Feb 2021 - The news media bargaining code clears house of representatives. It still needs Senate approval to become law.
Feb 2021 - Facebook blocks news feeds in Australia, capturing some government, community and charity sites as well, saying it cannot work with the code. Reporting by Swati Pandey; Editing by Kim Coghill