The new rules were set to stem loopholes in supervision and regulation systems, as a small number of companies expanded blindly into the financial sector without isolation mechanisms and while accumulating risks, the central bank People’s Bank of China (PBOC) said in a statement.
To be licensed as financial holding firms, companies must have at least 5 billion yuan ($731.74 million) in capital, according to the rules.
The rules also set requirements in total assets that financial holding firms can manage. Companies that hold banking assets will need to have at least 500 billion yuan in total assets, and those that do not hold banking assets should have at least 100 billion yuan in assets.
In 2018, the central bank put five financial holding companies, including fintech giant Ant Financial, retail conglomerate Suning.com 002024.SZ and state-owned China Merchants Group CNMGP.UL, in a pilot scheme to test their ability to manage risks.
Jack Ma’s Ant Financial, now renamed Ant Group, is seeking dual listings in Hong Kong and Shanghai.
The regulation will take effect on November 1, 2020, and will give companies a one year grace period to comply with the rules. Reporting by Leng Cheng, Hallie Gu and Ryan Woo; Editing by Alexandra Hudson